Subject: Slovenija - Prva drzava svijeta sa zakonom koji regulira svjetlosno oneciscenje!
From: Korado Korlevic
Newsgroups: hr.sci.astronomija, hr.rec.priroda
Slovenija - Prva drzava svijeta sa zakonom koji regulira
Na sjednici vlade na kojoj su dala ostavke dva ministra ...
... bilo je burno ali je prosao _prvi_ zakon, na nivou neke
drzave, o reguliranju svjetlosnog oneciscenja.
Energetska ucinkovitost i zastita prirode ........ i to budu
gurali i na nivou EU-a.
Slovencima i nadasve Andreju Moharu treba skinuti kapu na
to sto je uspio izlobirati da prodje zakon.
U nastavku je njihov Press release.
P.S. nego, jos traju prijave za otici do Bleda i sudjelovati na
simpoziju IDA-e. Ako Vam se ne ide preporucite odlazak
gradonacelnicima, procelnicima za urbanizam, elektro
inzenjerima, ... Program je zamisljen tako da ima za svakoga
The Government of the Republic of Slovenia Passes
a Light Pollution Law
Ljubljana, 30 August, 2007
Today, the Republic of Slovenia adopted a Light Pollution Law. Over the
past 15 years Slovenia has seen a rapid increase in light pollution,
which makes the arguments of nature protection organisations striving
for the adoption of a suitable Law for over 12 years essential.
The new Law is expected to have numerous positive impacts. It prohibits
lighting above the horizon into space for most luminaries and demands
the use of totally shielded ones. Lighting above the horizon is namely
the main cause of light pollution. Shielded lights produce less glare,
which improves road safety and increases visibility. Less glare will
also be welcome to the older population who is greatly disturbed and
impeded by it.
The Law limits the direction of lighting in residential dwellings.
Several surveys worldwide have shown a connection between the increase
in cancer occurrences and the exposure of people or animals to
artificial light. At night-time, light reduces the generation of the
hormone melatonin, one of the essential antioxidants that protects us
from cancer. It is difficult to predict what the adoption of the Law
will bring health-wise, but by all means, people will be more content
with streets illuminated effectively and less light intruding into their
bedrooms and residential areas.
The Law demands the reduction of the amount of energy used for public
lighting, which means that municipalities will have ensure the
economical consumption of energy. Lighting should only be used where
necessary and during the hours it is needed. In the middle of the night,
when there is no traffic, lighting levels can be reduced.
Buildings considered a part of cultural heritage, including many
churches, will be illuminated to a lesser extent. In this area, we
welcome the efforts and cooperation of the Roman Catholic Church in the
preservation of nature and the environment.
The use of a large number of shielded lamps will have a positive impact
on numerous nocturnal animal species, with insects and bats being among
the most endangered. Thus, the Law will contribute to the preservation
of biodiversity, which is one of the essential aims of the EU.
With a population of two million it is expected that in ten years time,
when lighting will have been entirely adjusted to meet legal
requirements, up to 10 million euros worth of energy will have been
saved. Accordingly, the levels of greenhouse gas emissions are expected
to drop, which is definitely a contribution to the reduction of climate
Today, the great majority of Slovene citizens is unable to see the Milky
Way from their homes. With the abolition of lighting into space, the Law
will enable the preservation of the night sky. Respect and wonderment
for the origins of our existence – space – will also be passed to our
children and grandchildren and, last but not least, to all current and
future professional and amateur astronomers.
The Law is a result of complex yet successful coordination between the
Environment Ministry of the Republic of Slovenia with the Government
Office for Growth, numerous government departments, lighting experts and
nature protectionists. It represents an important contribution to the
quality of life at night and has a positive effect on the preservation
of the environment and nature. The adoption of this Law makes Slovenia
one of the leading EU countries and can be a model for numerous
countries that have not yet legally regulated this field.
We would like to use this opportunity to thank the Republic of Slovenia
Environment Minister, Dr. Janez Podobnik; Republic of Slovenia
Development Minister, Dr. Žiga Turk; Marko Hren from the Government
Office for Growth, Dušan Janez Gacnik and Radovan Tavzes MSc from the
Republic of Slovenia Environment Ministry, competent departments,
Government of the Republic of Slovenia, Members of the National Assembly
Tomaž Štebe MSc and Samo Bevk, and everyone who has contributed to the
long and challenging coordinated procedure culminating in the
development of suitable solutions.
It is expected that the adopted Law will serve as an aid and model to
many EU countries and will therefore be presented at the 7th European
Symposium for the Protection of the Night Sky, which will take place on
5 and 6 October in Bled, Slovenia. For more information on the
Symposium, please visit www.darksky2007.si and for more information on
light pollution, www.temnonebo.org.
For the coalition of the nature preservation organisations Dark Sky
Dr. Tomaž Zwitter
Dr. Tomi Trilar