NAME OF A BABY GORILLA : A BABY GORILLA
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Name Of A Baby Gorilla
- Arthur Steven "Artie" Lange, Jr. (born October 11, 1967) is an American actor, comedian, radio personality and author. Lange is most notable for replacing Jackie Martling on The Howard Stern Show, and for being an original cast member of the sketch comedy series MADtv.
Good Night, Gorilla
A zookeeper finds his normal nighttime routine upset when a mischievous little gorilla steals his keys and lets all his animal charges out of their cages, in a board book edition of the popular picture book.
"Good night, Gorilla," says the weary watchman as he walks by the gorilla cage on his nightly rounds at the zoo. The gorilla answers by quietly pickpocketing the guard's keys, stealthily trailing him, and unlocking the cages of every animal the oblivious fellow bids goodnight to. Looking much like an exhausted father, the uniformed guard traipses home toward his cottage, while the lonely zoo animals softly parade behind him. The animals manage to slip into his bedroom and nestle unnoticed near his sleepy wife--until the bold little gorilla goes so far as to snle up beside her as she turns out the light. Author and illustrator Peggy Rathmann (creator of the Caldecott-winning Officer Buckle and Gloria) relies more on the nuances of her jewel-toned pictures than on words to pace this giggly bedtime story, making it perfect for observant preschoolers. In one inky-black spread, Rathmann lets only the shocked, wide-open eyes of the guard's wife tell us that the gorilla has been detected! Tiny details such as the faithful, banana-toting mouse and sky-bound pink balloon that appear in each picture keep this book fresh, magical, and fun--even after countless bedtime readings. (Baby to preschool) --Gail Hudson
Sedgewick County Zoo, Wichita Kansas -- Easily my favorite exhibit at the Sedgewick County Zoo was that of the Lowland Gorillas. We spent a good amount of time watching them, and they put on quite a show for us, running, playing, and pounding on their chests.
This guy seemed to be the leader of their group. He was quite intimidating.
The western lowland gorilla can be up to 6 feet tall when standing and can weigh up to 450 pounds. It has a broad chest, a muscular neck and strong hands and feet. Short, thin, gray-black to brown-black hair covers the entire body except for the face. It has a thick ridge of bone that juts out above its eyes and has flared nostrils.
A normal, healthy gorilla may live up to 37 years. Females become sexually mature between 6-9 years of age. Males reach sexual maturity between 9-12 years of age.
In the wild, they eat mainly leaves and stems. In the Zoo, they are fed a scientifically developed commercially produced leafeater chow, variety of fruits and vegetables, and oranges everyday.
Gorillas live in groups of one adult male and several females. They play, sleep and eat within this structured family group. The old, dominant silverback male leads the group. He regulates what time they wake up, eat, and go to sleep. Gorillas are most active in the morning. They wake up just after sunrise to search for food and then they eat for several hours. During midday, adults usually nap while the young wrestle and play games that to observers resemble games played by human children such as “Follow the Leader” and “King of the Hill.” After their midday nap they search for food again. Before dusk each gorilla makes its own nest bed on the ground. Some males become solitary after they have reached adulthood.
There is no set time of the year to give birth. A female may have between 3-6 offspring in a lifetime. Only the silverback is allowed to mate with the adult females in his group. The western lowland gorilla has a gestation period of 8-9 months. The offspring are born helpless and weigh about 3-5 pounds. They grow at twice the rate of a human baby.
The western lowland gorilla is characterized as a quiet, peaceful and a very non-aggressive animal. They never attack unless provoked. However, once provoked, an adult male protecting his group will attempt to intimidate his aggressor by standing on his legs and slapping his chest with cupped hands, while roaring and screaming. If this elaborate display is unsuccessful and the intruder persists, the male will rear his head back violently several times and drop on all fours, charging toward the intruder. They merely pass them by and usually do not hit the intruder. This demonstration of aggression maintains order among separate troops and reduces the possibility of injury. Overlapping troops in the wild rarely have confrontations.
The western lowland gorilla is predominantly folivorous, feeding primarily on leaves and stems rather than fruits. While in captivity they also prefer foods such as baked sweet potato or yam, baked banana, oranges, other raw fruits, berries, milk, eggs, dry cereal and raisins. A silverback can eat up to 6.5 pounds of vegetation a day. Contrary to popular belief, only captive gorillas eat meat.
Gorillas usually walk on all fours. They have a very stocky build, with a broad chest. The face, ears, hands, and feet are bare and dark. The muzzle is short and the arms are longer than the legs. In comparison to the mountain gorilla, the western lowland gorilla has a wider and larger skull. Also, the big toe of the western lowland gorilla is spread far apart from the alignment of his other four toes compared to the alignment of the mountain gorilla. They are mostly terrestrial, though they can climb well enough. Adult males spend most of their time on the ground because of their weight.
Western lowland gorillas thrive on their secure family structure and they require companionship and attention in order to live. It was said that the first gorillas captured died of loneliness. However, they do not form personal friendships, nor do they desire long periods of physical contact. They do not groom each other and appear to be irritated by grooming and bathing.
The Western lowland gorilla has no known enemies except for humans. Humans have threatened their livelihood for over a century and have caused them to become endangered throughout the degradation of the tropical rainforest, illegal hunting for meat, big game hunting and subsequent sale of live young through the over collection by zoos and research institutions. Many gorillas have been shot and killed in the name of self-defense because if provoked long enough gorillas will charge toward an attacker in order to scare them away. However, they charge to intimidate, not to injure and rarely make actual contact with one another under these circumstances. Their last chance for survival may be a few gorilla sanctuaries in Africa, zoos, a
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Western Lowland Gorilla
Scientific Name: Gorilla gorilla gorilla
Description : Gorillas are the largest of the primates. Western lowland gorillas are the lightest of the four sub-species of gorillas. The males, on average, weigh approximately 135-220 kg and the females weigh about half of that at around 70-90 kg. Captive gorillas tend to weigh more. The male is very stocky and powerful in the body, with wide shoulders and chest. The females are much smaller and slimmer. There are two species of gorilla: the western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) and the eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei). Within each species there are two subspecies. The eastern gorilla subspecies are the mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) and the eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri). The western gorilla subspecies are the western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and the cross river gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli). The gorillas at the Toronto Zoo are western lowland gorillas.
Distribution : Congo River basin of Western Africa.
Habitat : Lowland rain forests.
Food : Mainly juicy plant stems, vines and leaves. Bark, roots and fruits are also taken, the choice parts being selected, the remainder discarded. There is a definite preference shown in plant selection, wild celery, thistles, nettles, bamboo shoots and bedstraw (Gallium) are among those chosen.
Reproduction and Development : Females mature sexually around 8 years of age and are fully grown at 8-10 years of age. Males are sexually mature at about 10 years of age and fully grown at 12-15 years. Females begin breeding as soon as they are sexually mature, but male gorillas need to physically mature so they can attain silverback status and lead a group of gorillas. This usually occurs between the ages of 15 and 20. In male apes, including humans, potency (the ability to sire offspring) is continuous until it is lost through senescence. Female gorillas have a menstrual cycle similar to that in humans, the average length being 30-31 days. In the wild, copulation is normally dorso-ventral, in captivity both dorso-ventral and ventro-ventral copulations occur. The average gestation period is 265 days. A single young is born weighing approximately 2 kg. The baby gorilla is completely dependent on its mother for food and protection. At birth they appear to lack the strength to grasp their mother's hair, so she will support her infant with both hands. When on the move, she cradles the infant to her breast with one hand. The infant stays with the mother for the first three years of its life. It begins to eat vegetable matter at about 6 weeks of age, but nursing continues for another year and a half to two years. By one month, the infant clings to its mother unaided; by three months it rides on its mother's back; by four or five months it can walk unaided, by six months it can climb and is very active. Young gorillas are incredibly playful. Juveniles climb more frequently and with greater ease than the adults. Very often other females will play the role of "aunt" to a baby and participate in its care, playing with it and carrying it around. Gorillas live in fairly stable groups of 5 to 15 individuals. Larger bands consist of an adult male, several younger males and a large number of females with their young. Smaller groups may consist of only one adult male with a few females and their young. The oldest gorilla in captivity was "Jenny" who died at the age of 55 in the Dallas Zoo.
Adaptations : Gorillas are strictly diurnal in habit, building nests to rest in each night. Day nests are built as well. Both types of nests may be built on the ground or in trees. When they build in trees, they are seldom more than 9 metres from the ground. The adult male because of his size does not build nests in trees. Nests are occupied for one night only. Gorillas collect their varied foods mainly on the ground. Gorillas are quiet most of the time and they enjoy dozing and sunbathing in the mid-morning between bouts of feeding. Postures, gestures, facial expressions and vocalizations are all used in communication within the group. Only one or two sounds carry far enough to reach other groups; one of them is the sound of chest beating and the other is the sound heard during the intimidating display that gorillas frequently give among themselves or to an intruder. This display includes rising on its legs, throwing vegetation in the air, leg kicking, running sideways, slapping and tearing nearby vegetation, and thumping the ground. Many variations occur, and some acts may occur alone. Aggressive charges rarely result in serious physical combat. The gorilla avoids conflict until extremely hard pressed, with the dominant male always acting in defence of his group.
Threats to Survival : As is the case with many species, humans are the primary threat to the survival of gorillas. Go
name of a baby gorilla
One of the most important books ever written about our connection to the natural world, GORILLAS IN THE MIST is the riveting account of Dian Fossey's thirteen years in a remote African rain forest with the greatest of the great apes. Fossey's extraordinary efforts to ensure the future of the rain forest and its remaining mountain gorillas are captured in her own words and in candid photographs of this fascinating endangered species. As only she could, Fossey combined her personal adventure story with groundbreaking scientific reporting in an unforgettable portrait of one of our closest primate relatives. Although Fossey's work ended tragically in her murder, GORILLAS IN THE MIST remains an invaluable testament to one of the longest-running field studies of primates and reveals her undying passion for her subject.
In 1963, an occupational therapist from Kentucky, in uncertain health and spirits, traveled to central Africa in the quixotic hope of seeing a mountain gorilla in its natural habitat. Dian Fossey had read everything she could about the reclusive and much-feared animal, and she returned from her trip convinced that most of the books were wrong.
During her seven-week stay in Africa, Fossey had a chance encounter with the famed primatologists Mary and Louis Leakey, who encouraged her to follow her dream of living among the mountain gorillas and learning their ways. In 1967 she did just that, setting up a camp on the slopes of the 14,000-foot Virunga Volcanoes of Rwanda and studying four gorilla families there. Although it took them some time to accept Fossey's presence among them, she was immediately impressed by their peaceful nature and by their generous, guileless behavior--so unlike the images found in popular culture.
But, Fossey discovered, despite their peaceable way of life, the gorillas had many enemies in the form of poachers who hunted them for their hands, skins, and heads--ghastly remains sold to the tourist market. Much of Fossey's thoughtful but often rightly angry memoir Gorillas in the Mist is a well-reasoned plea for the protection of the gorillas and the suppression of the poachers' black market. That argument found a wide audience when her book was published in 1983, but Fossey's work remains unfinished: she was murdered, probably by those very poachers, in 1985, and today there are fewer than 650 mountain gorillas in the wild. To read Gorillas in the Mist is a first step for anyone concerned with their preservation, and that of other wild species everywhere. --Gregory McNamee
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