Lose Excess Water Weight - Walking Exercise Calories Burned - Healthy Eating In Children.
Lose Excess Water Weight
- when referring to the GPADP, excess water is defined by the Arkansas State Water Plan for the White River as being greater than the needs for fish and wildlife, navigation, and water quality. Navigation and water quality needs remain the same year round. Fish and wildlife needs vary monthly.
- The force exerted on the mass of a body by a gravitational field
- The quality of being heavy
- A body's relative mass or the quantity of matter contained by it, giving rise to a downward force; the heaviness of a person or thing
- slant: present with a bias; "He biased his presentation so as to please the share holders"
- the vertical force exerted by a mass as a result of gravity
- burden: weight down with a load
- Be deprived of (a close relative or friend) through their death or as a result of the breaking off of a relationship
- Cause (someone) to fail to gain or retain (something)
- suffer the loss of a person through death or removal; "She lost her husband in the war"; "The couple that wanted to adopt the child lost her when the biological parents claimed her"
- fail to keep or to maintain; cease to have, either physically or in an abstract sense; "She lost her purse when she left it unattended on her seat"
- fail to win; "We lost the battle but we won the war"
- Be deprived of or cease to have or retain (something)
Recently Unearthed Merrit Park
In 2002 I wrote a five part series of columns on the internment camp Manzanar for the local paper.
By June of 1941, Manzanar was ready to take occupants. The round up of the Japanese was harrowing. The people were given six days to put their affairs in order and get ready to be sent to the camp. This led to the future internees being taken advantage of terribly. There is wide spread documentation of Japanese having to sell their property for pennies on the dollar. Those who didn't sell anything were reassured by the government that their belongings would be secured in warehouses until after the war. Most of the new internees didn't know about the offer by the government to store their property until after the arrived at the camp so a lot of them had already lost everything. Government efforts to secure the their property was less than half- hearted, many who trusted their belongings to the government also lost everything. The few that left their houses and belongings behind in the care of Caucasian friends lost their belongings through arson, theft and vandalism. All that the Japanese were allowed to bring into the camp is what they could carry.
At first the internees were taken to Assembly Centers until the government could figure out where to send them among the ten camps that were hastily built. These staging areas were very slipshod affairs where the new internees had to stay for a number of days. One center was at Santa Anita race track. New arrivals were put in the horse stalls and handed sacks that they had to fill with straw for mattresses.
Things didn't get better when they arrived at Manzanar. The barracks were of tar paper and wood construction - the cheapest and fastest way to get the buildings built. According to Army regulations this type of housing was only suitable for combat trained soldiers and only on a temporary basis. Internees lived there for years. For some of the younger residents, their first experiences of Manzanar were one of a big adventure. Bob Izumi, local resident who came to Manzanar when he was 16, remembers being impressed with his first view of water cooled machine gun and the spotlights at night.
The barracks buildings of the camp were divided into twenty by twenty-five foot "apartments". On the average, eight people were assigned to each apartment. Each block of barracks had a communal kitchen and bathhouse. Except for the Caucasian staff's housing, there were no private baths.
Almost two thirds of the residents were farmers. Shortly after being interned, the farmers got to work and installed an irrigation system to water the area between the two rows of barbed wire fence. After four months the farmers had 300 acres under cultivation. In the years that they lived there the farmers of Manzanar not only grew enough food and raised livestock to make Manzanar self sufficient but they also sold excess crops to the other internment camps and raised crops for the war effort. A funny story illustrates their agricultural success. One building that was used to store banana squash actually collapsed under the weight of the squash. It was estimated that 190,000 pounds of squash were stored in that one building.
Because of the war there was a severe shortage of migrant workers. People from the camps were allowed to leave during the harvest season to work on nearby farms. These migrant workers faced harsher living conditions and discrimination but they did their jobs well. Thousands of workers volunteered to pick beets and were credited with saving crops of several western states one season.
A number of internees were professionally trained in essential business. Doctors, dentists, nurses, teachers, lawyers and accountants were all there. In some cases there were too many of one profession so you would see them working the fields.
Manzanar was set up like a complete city with requisite hospital, churches and schools. Like any city they also needed stores. A number of internees had been successful merchants on the outside. Within weeks they had started the Manzanar Cooperative. Each adult, who was able, was asked to contribute five dollars towards the collective and almost 100% had joined. The Cooperative's main task was setting up all necessary business not provided by the government. The board of the Cooperative were democratically elected and profits were distributed among the members at the end of the. year. Within weeks of the opening of the camp small stores were established in the barracks to provide necessities. Eventually the Cooperative ran a dry-goods store, a magazine stand, a mail order desk, a barber and beauty shop. It employed 185 residents. By the time Manzanar was closed it did a million dollars a year in business. Like any number of cities, Manzanar had a factory to provide work for residents. The factory at Manzanar manufactured camouflage netting for the war.
Manzanar had their own paper, The Manzanar Free P
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Description: Bactrian camels have two humps. Camels’ hind legs are attached to their body at the top of their thigh (horses and cows have their legs attached from the knee upward). This enables the camel to rest on calloused areas, keeping its body as far away from hot sand as possible.
Distribution: From Iran through Central Asia to North China, Mongolia and Western China.
Habitat: Deserts and Gobi Steppe along the rivers. When the snow falls bactrian camels move to the desert.
Food: Grasses, juicy plants, leaves, branches, grains and dates. If forced by hunger they will eat fish, flesh, skins and bones. They thrive on salty plants that are wholly rejected by other mammals. Camels are said to need halophytes in their diet and will lose weight if they are lacking.
Reproduction and Development: Females may breed every alternate year and produce up to 12 young in a life time. Females come in heat several times a year. Copulation takes place in January or February (December in captivity) and the young are born after a gestation period of about 13 months. In captivity gestation appears to be shorter, 11 - 12 months. One offspring and rarely two are born. The young suckle for a year and are fully grown at 5 years. Life expectancy is 17 to 30 years, in captivity 30 - 35 years.
Adaptations: Camels’ skin contain no sweat glands. Therefore they lose moisture from their bodies slowly. Needed moisture is obtained by drinking water and eating desert plants. In winter plants provide enough moisture for camels to go without drinking for several weeks. Their feces are small and dry. They have efficient kidneys. Even when water is available, they drink only enough to replace the water used since their last drink. A thirsty camel can drink as much as 114 liters of water in just 10 minutes. Bactrian camels have tough feet for crossing the rocky Asian deserts. Temperatures there range from -29C in winter to more than 38C in summer. The thick shaggy coat protects them in winter, but is quickly shed in summer. They have bushy eyebrows and a double row of eye lashes. Their ears are lined with hair. Special muscles allow them to close their nostrils and lips tightly for long periods. These features protect them from blowing sand and snow. Camels are said to be good swimmers and can run at speeds up to 65 km/h. Camels’ humps are masses of fat which nourish the animal when food is scarce. Camels store about 36 kg of fat in their humps; as they use the fat, the humps get smaller. Camels do not chew their food completely before swallowing it. They regurgitate the partly digested food, the cud, chew thoroughly and swallow it again. Camels’ mouths are so tough they are able to eat horny plants without injury. A camel’s body temperature fluctuates drastically to regulate and conserve body fluids. Humans lose water from their blood when dehydrated, which thickens the blood and makes the heart work harder. Camels, however, lose much of their water through their tissue relieving the heart of excess strain. The reasons water is not lost easily are: Blood capillaries next to the skin have unusually thick walls, which prevent water from passing from the blood stream. The amount of albumen in camels’ blood is about twice that found in humans. Albumen is a major protein of plasma whose principal function is to retain water in the blood stream through its osmotic effect. Camels’ blood cells are oval shaped (most other mammals have spherical shaped cells) and expand allowing rapid water intake without rupturing the cells which would cause haemoglobin depletion or water toxification.
Threats to Survival: Wild camels compete with domestic stock for pasture and water. They are killed for sport and for meat. Camels supply milk, meat, wool, hides, sinews and bones. The recovery plan includes captive breeding and the International Mongolian Biodiversity program.
Status: Endangered in the wild, common in domestic herds.
Courtesy of the Toronto Zoo
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