ARTIFICIAL FLORAL DECORATIONS

četvrtak, 20.10.2011.

SEND FLOWERS UNDER 20 : UNDER 20


Send flowers under 20 : Planting flowers annuals : Blanket flower perennial



Send Flowers Under 20





send flowers under 20














Uma Linda Quarta-Feira aos meus Queridos Amigos...***...A Wonderful Wednesday for my Dear Friends




Uma Linda Quarta-Feira aos meus Queridos Amigos...***...A Wonderful Wednesday for my Dear Friends





20 de Abril Homenageamos o Dia do Diplomata, Brasil

A diplomacia e a arte e a pratica de conduzir as relacoes exteriores ou os negocios estrangeiros de um determinado Estado ou outro sujeito de direito internacional. Geralmente, e empreendida por intermedio de diplomatas de carreira e envolve assuntos de guerra e paz, comercio exterior, promocao cultural, coordenacao em organizacoes internacionais e outros.

Convem distinguir entre diplomacia e politica externa - a primeira e uma dimensao da segunda. A politica externa e definida em ultima analise pela Chefia de Governo de um pais ou pela alta autoridade politica de um sujeito de direito internacional; ja a diplomacia pode ser entendida como uma ferramenta dedicada a planejar e executar a politica externa, por meio da atuacao de diplomatas.
As relacoes diplomaticas sao definidas no plano do direito internacional pela Convencao de Viena sobre Relacoes Diplomaticas (CVRD), de 1961.

A faculdade de praticar a diplomacia e um dos elementos definidores do Estado, razao pela qual aquela tem sido exercida desde a formacao das primeiras cidades-Estado, ha milenios. Na Antiguidade e na Idade Media, os diplomatas eram quase sempre enviados apenas para negociacoes especificas, retornando com a sua conclusao. A historia registra como primeiros agentes diplomaticos permanentes os apocrisiarios, representantes do papa e de outros patriarcas catolicos junto a Bizancio. Tambem exerciam suas funcoes de modo permanente os procuratores in Romanam Curiam, representantes dos soberanos europeus junto ao papa em Roma. Com estas duas instituicoes (apocrisiarios e procuratores) surgiram os primeiros conceitos do que viria a ser a diplomacia moderna, como as instrucoes, as credenciais e as imunidades.
A origem da diplomacia moderna pode ser encontrada nos Estados da Italia Setentrional, no comeco do Renascimento, com o estabelecimento das primeiras Missoes diplomaticas no seculo XIII. A primeira Missao diplomatica permanente foi estabelecida por Milao em 1446 junto ao governo de Florenca. No norte da Italia surgiram diversas das tradicoes da diplomacia, como a apresentacao de credenciais dos embaixadores estrangeiros ao Chefe de Estado.

O diplomata negocia em nome e por conta do Estado que representa, com o proposito de defender os interesses daquele Estado. Quanto ao numero de partes, a negociacao pode ser bilateral ou multilateral. A negociacao bilateral da-se entre duas partes. A multilateral envolve mais de duas partes e costuma ocorrer no ambito de conferencias ou de organizacoes internacionais.
A tarefa de informar define-se como o dever e a prerrogativa do diplomata no sentido de inteirar-se por todos os meios licitos das condicoes existentes e da evolucao dos acontecimentos de um determinado Estado e comunica-las ao governo do seu Estado. Em geral, esta funcao e desempenhada por diplomatas acreditados junto ao governo do Estado acerca do qual informam.
A funcao de representar inclui a tarefa de fazer patente a presenca do Estado representado em eventos internacionais ou estrangeiros (no jargao diplomatico, "mostrar a bandeira"). Inclui, tambem, em certos casos, o recebimento de poderes do Estado representado para, em nome e por conta deste ultimo, praticar atos de interesse daquele Estado.
Modernamente, costuma-se incluir entre as funcoes da diplomacia as de promover o comercio exterior ("promocao comercial") e a imagem do Estado representado ("diplomacia publica").

O direito internacional reconhece aos Estados a faculdade de exercer protecao diplomatica sobre os interesses de seus nacionais. Assim sendo, dentro dos limites do direito internacional, uma Missao diplomatica pode defender os interesses de uma empresa ou de um individuo de seu pais.

O termo "diplomacia parlamentar" foi criado em 1955 por Dean Rusk[7] para designar as negociacoes multilaterais que ocorrem no ambito da ONU e foi posteriormente estendido as demais organizacoes internacionais. A diplomacia parlamentar distingue-se por ocorrer no seio de organizacao internacional, seguir regras de procedimento e contar com debate permanente (assemelhando-se, portanto, ao que ocorre com os parlamentos nacionais). Mais recentemente, encontram-se tambem referencias a diplomacia parlamentar como sendo a conduzida pelos membros dos parlamentos nacionais.
***
April 20 We Homage the Day of the Diplomat, Brazil

Diplomacy is the art and practice of conducting foreign affairs or foreign affairs of a State or other subject of international law. It is usually undertaken by career diplomats and involves matters of war and peace, trade, cultural promotion, coordination in international organizations and others.

Should distinguish between diplomacy and foreign policy - the first is a second dimension. Foreign policy is defined ultimately by the Head of Government of a country or by the high political authority of a subject of international law, diplomacy can already be seen as a tool











Earn and Learn ~Saturation 1~




Earn and Learn ~Saturation 1~





Sunday March 1, 2009
Earn and learn
BY SIMRIT KAUR

Public university students now have more openings to work on campus. It means extra pocket money, as well as a chance to pick up new skills.

UNIVERSITI Malaya (UM) civil engineering undergraduate Mohd Shahrizal Sharif used to freelance as an assistant stage manager during semester breaks. When he started his final year, Shahrizal set out to look for a term job because of his relatively light academic workload.

He applied for a job under the Student Skills Development Programme (PPKS), a newly-introduced UM scheme that matches students with suitable on-campus jobs.
IIUM’s third-year communication student Marziana Asat (left) teaches swimming to her peers to earn extra money.

As one of the first students to submit applications, Shahrizal was successful and is now an administrative assistant at the Student Affairs Division.

PPKS is the brainchild of UM’s deputy vice-chancellor (student and alumni affairs), Assoc Prof Datuk Dr Azarae Idris, who says: “The idea of students working in university is not new. However, through this programme, jobs for them are handled more systematically.’’

Working off debts

Among the objectives of PPKS is to allow full-time UM students an opportunity to gain practical knowledge and be exposed to the work environment. It is also designed to enable students to work off their debts to the university.

“Student debt at UM stands at about RM12mil. We have hired a debt collection agency but the success rate is only about 15%,” Dr Azarae says.

Although almost every student is eligible for PTPTN (National Higher Education Fund Corporation) loans, some of them may take longer to finish their studies than the stipulated time.
UM civil engineering undergraduate Mohd Shahrizal Sharif has a job on campus thanks to the Student Skills Development Programme (PPKS).

For example, some students require eight instead of six semesters to complete their degree. The extended study period is not covered by their loan or scholarship agreements, so they have to bear the additional tuition fees and cost of living expenses.

Before introducing PPKS, a team from UM made a working visit to several universities in the United States, where it is the norm for students to take on-campus jobs.

Dr Azarae had previously experimented with several ideas to enable students to work on campus. When he was heading UM’s Fifth Residential College, he got students to clean their own hostel block and paid them RM1,000 per month.

The new scheme is handled by the Student Affairs and Alumni Division. UM’s 24 centres of responsibility, which include faculties, the library and the science centre, are required to inform the division of any suitable or relevant job for students. To date, about 100 students have sent in applications for under 20 positions.

Mohd Shahrizal says his job stint exposes him to office management processes and procedures. It has also made him more confident about coping with the work culture and environment.

Final-year environmental studies student Nurenon Kase says that students tend to appreciate and value their time better when they have to work and study. She works 12 hours a week and what she earns is additional pocket money.

Under the scheme, students are allowed to work for a maximum of three hours a day during the semester and six hours a day during semester breaks. They get RM6 an hour for administrative jobs and RM8 per hour for research work.

The rate is slightly higher than what they would earn doing similar jobs outside campus. Students on this scheme are not allowed to work during study periods and exam weeks, and must have a minimum CGPA of 2.0 to qualify.

Trained hands in demand

The International Islamic University Malaysia’s (IIUM) has set up a structured programme for undergraduates (and postgraduates) to tutor their peers, run by its Student Learning Enhancement Unit (SLEU).
IIUM undergraduate Ashraf Saharudin (far left) teaches photography to his fellow students.

“We introduced SLEU to enhance the academic achievements of our students,’’ says deputy rector (student and alumni affairs) Hamidon Abd Hamid.

Tutors are paid RM10 per hour and must have a CGPA of 2.8 and above, and have scored at least an A- in the subject they wish to tutor. IIUM currently has 60 tutors under SLEU, most of whom are undergraduates.

There are many advantages to peer tutoring. Having gone through the same course, student tutors understand the subject matter well.

“We can probably explain things in a different way and students are more willing to open up to us,’’ says first-year economics and management sciences student Firza Rizqi Putra, a statistics tutor.

Final-year political science student Sherif Abdul Raheem Ajiteru volunteered to become a tutor to enhance his knowledge. “It helps to improve my teaching skills and allows me to interact with people from different cultural backgrounds. I don’t really do it for the money as I find the job ful









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