a district of a city having some distinguishing character; "the Latin Quarter"
Each of four equal or corresponding parts into which something is or can be divided
A period of three months regarded as one fourth of a year, used esp. in reference to financial transactions such as the payment of bills or a company's earnings
A period of fifteen minutes or a point of time marking the transition from one fifteen-minute period to the next
provide housing for (military personnel)
one-fourth: one of four equal parts; "a quarter of a pound"
a soft white precious univalent metallic element having the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of any metal; occurs in argentite and in free form; used in coins and jewelry and tableware and photography
coat with a layer of silver or a silver amalgam; "silver the necklace"
Provide (mirror glass) with a backing of a silver-colored material in order to make it reflective
Coat or plate with silver
(esp. of the moon) Give a silvery appearance to
made from or largely consisting of silver; "silver bracelets"
1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) in the Gregorian calendar. In the west, the year is associated with the protests of 1968.
An American Carol is a 2008 American comedy film, directed by David Zucker and starring Kevin Farley. Outside North America, the film is known as Big Fat Important Movie.
British United Air Ferries Carvair
# I still have the original postcard, it was sent me after I wrote to BUAF.
Carvair - capacity five cars and 22 passengers or seven and a half tons of freight
BUAF was a wholly private, independent British car and passenger ferry airline based in the United Kingdom during the 1960s.
It specialised in cross-Channel ferry flights carrying cars and their owners between its numerous bases in Southern England, the Channel Islands and Continental Europe. All-passenger and all-cargo flights were operated as well.
BUAF came into being on 1 January 1963 as a result of the merger of Channel Air Bridge and Silver City Airways.
The newly formed airline was a wholly-owned subsidiary of Air Holdings, which in turn was a subsidiary of British & Commonwealth (B&C).
This ownership structure made BUAF a sister airline of British United Airways (BUA), at the time Britain's biggest independent airline and the country's leading independent scheduled operator.
BUAF operated scheduled and non-scheduled vehicle ferry, passenger and freight services.
This included scheduled routes from Southend, Lydd Ferryfield and Hurn to ten points in the Channel Islands and Continental Europe. Aviation Traders Carvairs operated what the airline called "deeper penetration" routes to Basle, Geneva and Strasbourg. Bristol Superfreighters plied the routes to Jersey, Guernsey, Cherbourg, Le Touquet, Calais, Ostend and Rotterdam.
The airline's scheduled services between the UK, Le Touquet and Ostend formed part of rail-air operations linking the respective capital cities at each end.
These were operated in conjunction with Societe Nationale des Chemins de Fer francais (SNCF) and Societe Nationale des Chemins de fer Belges/Nationale Maatschappij der Belgische Spoorwegen (SNCB/NMBS), the respective national railway companies of France and Belgium. Coach-air services in conjunction with local coach operators were provided between the UK, France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Switzerland via Calais, Ostend, Rotterdam and Basle.
In addition, all-passenger configured Bristol Freighters/Superfreighters were used for inclusive tour work on behalf of BUA (Services) Ltd. Sister airline BUA (C.I.) assumed the former Silver City routes linking the North of England with the Channel Isles and the Continent.
BUAF subsequently added routes linking Southampton with Rotterdam, Ostend, Calais, Deauville, Le Touquet, Jersey, Guernsey, Dinard and Cherbourg to its scheduled route network, while discontinuing its "deeper penetration" routes to Basle, Geneva and Strasbourg as these generated insufficient traffic to sustain a viable operation.
Some of the new Southampton routes were part of rail-air operations in conjunction with the French and Belgian national railway companies as well.
As a consequence of B&C's reorganisation of the BUA group of companies during 1967/8, BUAF changed its name to British Air Ferries (BAF) in 1967.
Aircraft fleet details
BUAF operated the following aircraft types:
Aviation Traders ATL 98 Carvair
Bristol 170 Freighter Mark 21E
Bristol 170 Freighter Mark 31
Bristol 170 Superfreighter Mark 32.
All BUAF aircraft had individual names.
 Fleet in 1963
In April 1963 the BUAF fleet comprised 28 aircraft.
British United Air Ferries fleet in April 1963 Aircraft Total
Aviation Traders ATL 98 Carvair 3
Bristol 170 Superfreighter Mark 32 21
Bristol 170 Freighter Mark 31 1
Bristol 170 Freighter Mark 21E 3
BUAF employed 519 people at this time.
(Source for the above fleet notes: Flight International, 11 April 1963, World Airline Survey, p. 517)
Fleet in 1967
In September 1967 the BUAF fleet comprised 23 aircraft.
British United Air Ferries fleet in September 1967 Aircraft Total
Aviation Traders ATL 98 Carvair 9
Bristol 170 Superfreighter Mark 32 14
BUAF employed 633 people at this time.
(Source for the above fleet notes: Flight International, 28 September 1967, British Airline Survey, p. 531)
Accidents and incidents
BUAF suffered one non-fatal incident during its existence.
On 24 September 1963 a Bristol 170 Superfreighter Mark 32 (registration G-AMWA) was damaged beyond repair in a takeoff accident at Guernsey Airport.
Operating a scheduled passenger flight to Bournemouth, the Bristol 170 was preparing for takeoff from Guernsey Airport's runway 28.
The first officer, who was flying the aircraft from the left-hand seat, opened the throttles slowly to full power to combat the effects of a 17 knots crosswind.
The port engine rpm began to fluctuate when the aircraft reached a speed of about 50 knots during the takeoff run. When the aircraft's speed approached 80 knots, the first officer decided to abort his takeoff.
The FO realised that the aircraft was going to overshoot the end of the runway and steered it to the left to avoid hitting obstacles in the vicinity of the runway end.
This resulted in the aircraft beco
Khamsum Yaling namgyel Stupa in Punakha Dzong
ROYAL HERITAGE TOUR 10 NIGHTS/11 DAYS
The traditional architectural buildings are national heritage sites for the country, and are significant to the country’s history. The Royal Heritage Tours offers the visitors a unique look at some of Bhutan’s Royal Family palaces. The driving tour takes places in major heritage sites across the country from the scenic mountains of the Paro Valley to the distant village of Lhuntse. Apart from royal palaces there are other heritage sites such as the giant fortresses and other significant architectural monuments in relation to the history of the monarchy. Hundreds of Buddhist temples, monasteries and chortens are found scattered atop rocky cliffs, on uneven enclosures and on every possible regions indicating that in Bhutan, Buddhism is flourishing in its ever youthful state.
Day1 Arrival Paro
Depart Bangkok international airport by our druk-Air (Royal Bhutan Airline). On arrival at Paro international airport, you will be received by our representative and escorted you to Hotel/Resort. After an early lunch, drive to Drugyel Dzong which is built by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal in 1646 to commemorate his victory over the Tibetan invaders. Though largely destroyed by fire in 1951, the towering outer walls and central keep remain an imposing sight. On clear day you can see the splendid view of Mt. Chomolhari from the approach road to Drukgyel Dzong. After lunch, visit Ta Dzong (built in1656 and renovated in 1968), an ancient watchtower, which now houses the National Museum. Below the museum is the Paro Rimpung Dzong (literally meaning “Heap of Jewels”, built in 1646 by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal, the centre of civil and religious authority in this valley. A short walk takes you to the base of the dzong and across a traditional cantilevered, covered bridge. A short distance further is one of the innumerable archery grounds. (Archery is the national sport of Bhutan). If we are lucky, we may catch a match in action. The evening ends with a walk through Paro’s main shopping district.
Day 2 Hike to Taksang (Tiger Nest) then in the evening drive to Thimphu
Right after the breakfast drive towards the road point to Taktshang. Taktshang Monastery, the most famous of Bhutan’s monasteries is perched on the side of a cliff 900m above the Paro valley floor. Taktshang means “Tiger’s Nest,” so named because Guru Rimpoche reportedly flew to the site of the monastery on the back of a flying tiger in the late centuries of the first millennium. The monastery is perched on a cliff nearly 3,000 ft above the Paro valley floor. This day hike is not only historically and culturally interesting, but also incredibly scenic! It takes about two hours to reach the cafeteria, which gives a breathtaking view of the Tiger’s Nest. If you still feel like hiking then you can take another hour to reach the temple. Then return back and drive to Thimphu (about 2 hours drive). Check in Hotel.
Day 3 Thimphu to Wangdue view Punakha
After breakfast, go to Bhutan National Bank for currency exchange and then you can get an opportunity to purchase exquisite collector Bhutanese stamps. Then drive to Punakha. (The ancient capital of Bhutan) is 3 hours drive from Thimphu across Dochu-La Pass. (Alt. 11,400 ft) snow-capped eastern Himalayan ranges can be seen on a clear day. Prayer flags will flutter you over the pass deeper into the essence of Bhutan. Once you cross the pass, you wind down into a warm fertile valley and meander along a gently flowing aquamarine river that leads you to the Punakha valley. After lunch visit the Punakha dzong, the winter residence of the Je khempo (chief abbot). Punakha dzong is the second dzong system built in Bhutan by Shebdrung Nawang Namgyel in the year 1637. The Dzong is said to be the most beautiful of dzong in Bhutan; it is an outstanding structure with intense artwork. Then visit the Wangduephodrang Dzong, sit majestically on a steep ridge overlooking the highway that forks to the east and south of Bhutan. Overnight at hotel in Wangdue.
Day 4 Wangdue- Trongsa vie Gangtey valley
Today drive early to Phobjikha valley, A broad glacial valley (10’000 ft) on the flanks of the Black Mountains, Phobjikha with it’s gently slop is a place of astonishing beauty described as” the most beautiful valley in the most beautiful country of Himalayas”. Every winter, the rare and beautiful black-necked cranes return from Tibet to the Gangtey valley where they are protected. Gangtey also has a very interesting Nyingmapa monastery, the only one of the only one of its kind west of the Black Mountain range. The monastery is renovated by 9th Gangtey Tulku Rimpoche. On the way to Trongsa, stop Chendebji Chorten, patterned on Katmandu’s Swayambhunath stupa, with eyes painted at the four cardinal points. It was built in the 18 century by Lama Shida, to cover the remains of an evil spirit that was subdued at this spot. Then drive further south of Trongsa valley is Eundu Chholing, the winter palace of the fi