4. FAF

četvrtak, 28.06.2007.

veri importnt

U SUBOTU U 4 POPODNE MORAMO DOĆ U DOM HV-A. IMAMO PROBU. PJEVAMU GAUDEAMUS I LIJEPU NAŠU.

SAVJET DANA: PONOVITE SI HIMNU DA NEBI BILA BLOKADA NA POZORNICI.

- 20:02 - Komentari (5) - Isprintaj - #

srijeda, 27.06.2007.

ajmeeee, da me mama vidi...

sutra u 2, za sve koji ne znaju....
naime, govoriju nam ocjene od mačure
valjda je sve dobro kod svih...
Image Hosted by ImageShack.us
Shot with K550im at 2007-06-27

pozz
...:::markec:::...

- 18:38 - Komentari (2) - Isprintaj - #

utorak, 26.06.2007.

marija piše post... ajme...

dragi moji, pišem ovaj post sa ciljem da sada svi počnu pisat post jer me svi jako volite, bla, bla, bla.... nije bitno. eh, da, opet sam blond. naime, pofarbah se.... btw bezveze je. ma, koga ja to lažem.... jakove, kaj si bio kod sonje? ovaj je post nepovezan. nije bitno. ovo je duševni automatizam i diktat misli.... učila sam hrv.. dakle, kaj hoću reć, baš sam si luda. šalu na stranu. tajo, danas sam došla u ziher deset min nakon kaj si prošla... bed luck. petra m. sutra ćemo kafenišati prije podne, mirela ovo se i tebe tiće. i tajane. nas 4 za dobra stara vremena. kristinko, nijesam te dugo vidjela, fališ mi... come sooon. mihovile, kada ćemo u topusko? uskoro.... hahahahaha. kad skupimo pare za kazne. vinski, molim te, nemoj slat mojoj mami poruke, vidjela sam da imaš broj... sram te bilo. mirelče, pošaljem ti sms kad stignem kući........ dakle, sve vas mrzim, osim svih, i ne falite mi nikad osim stalno. dakle dragi moji (da erdeljac, tu se i ti ubrajaš) budite mi dobri i lijepi a kad ste lijepi kaj će vam pamet... naravno, neki mogu i oboje (katarina, npr., ili ja), eh, da vidimo se u PETAK u 8 i 30 pred tornadom. znači u petak.... ja dolazim u subotu. hahahaha. voli vas marija.

- 18:48 - Komentari (5) - Isprintaj - #

četvrtak, 14.06.2007.

Evo glazbeni i engeski


NOUNS



CLASSIFICATION



PROPER NOUNS - denote one particular person, place or thing (they have no plural)
~John, London, October,…

COMMNON NOUNS - denote a person, place or thing as one of a class or a group
ü CLASS NOUNS - town, river, man,…

ü COLLECTIVE - family, army, band,…

MASS (material)
~ tea, water, iron, paper,…

ABSTRACT - denote some quality, state, feeling, ect.
~ beauty, coldness,…

COUNTABLE / UNCOUNTABLE: a dog, a man / water, sand


PROPERTIES

GENDER
a. MASCULINE: farmer, man, father,…

b. FEMININE: mother, woman,…

c. NEUTER: book, tree, bread,…

d. COMMON (male or female): teacher, parent, friend,…

~planets (except Sun) are feminine gender

~animals are masculine if they are big and scary, and feminine if they are gentler

~insects and birds are neuter gender

~three ways of marking a gender:

§ by adding sufiks -ess (lion -- lioness)

§ by prefixing a word (he-bear -- she-bear ; tom-cat -- she-cat)

§ by using a different word for different gender ( boy - girl ; man - woman)

NUMBER
a. SINGULAR - cat, city, boy , wife

b. PLURAL - cats, cities (y in front of a consonant ŕ y=i + es), boys ( y in front of a vowel it remains unchanged), wives (nouns ending with f or fe ŕ f = v + es)

~some English forms have the same form in singular & plural: sheep, fish, deer,…

~some nouns are formed in plural by changing a root vowel: manŕmen ; toothŕteeth;

~some nouns are used only in plural: scissors, trousers, pants,…

CASE
a. NOMINATIVE - the town

b. GENITIVE - of the town

§ SAXON GENITIVE: the boy's book; teacher's desk

c. DATIVE - to the town

d. ACCUSATIVE - the town



ADJECTIVES

COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES (REGULAR)

1. POSITIVE : tall / expensive / big / happy

2. COMPARATIVE: taller / more expensive / bigger / happier

3. SUPERLATIVE: the tallest / the most expensive / the biggest / happiest



COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES (IRREGULAR)

1. POSITIVE: good / bad / old / useful

2. COMPARATIVE: better / worse / older (elder) / more useful

3. SUPERLATIVE: the best / the worse / the oldest (the eldest) / most useful



COMPARISON WITH as … as , -er than , -est of

John is as old as Peter. (COMPARISON OF EQUALITY)

John is not so tall as his father.



Tanya is the biggest of them all. COMPARISON OF

Anna is better than Maya. SUPERIORITY



Paul is less good than John. COMPARISON

Marry is less strong than Ann. OF

(Marry is weaker than Ann) INFERIORITY







NUMERALS

CLASSES

1. CARDINAL: one, two, three,…

§ used to express fractions: 1/3 one third

2. ORDINAL: the first (first), the second (second), third,…

§ used to express dates: May 25th ( May the twenty-fifth)









ARTICLES

1. INDEFINITE ARTICLE a / an

§ A is used:

- in front of words which begins with a vowel ( a boy, a lamp,…)

- when we mention something/one for a first time ( We bought a new bike)

- as a numeral: a day (this town was built in a day)

- a = one and the same ( They are of an age.)

- when it has indefinite meaning: any one ( Take a chair. - any chair.)

- with a persons name and then it means a certain (A Mr. Pott rang you up)

- with a distributive meaning ( once a week)

- with few and little ( a few people)

- after many, such, rather, no less, what, … ( What a nice fellow he is)

- with dozen, score, thousand,… (a dozen of roses)

- with some set phrases ( a headache, a guess,…)

§ AN is used:

- in front of words which do not begins with a vowel ( an animal, an evening,…)



2. DEFINITIVE ARTICLE the

§ we use THE :

- when the others know what are we talking about (The car is dirty. - the person knows which car is dirty)

- with things which are unique (I met the Pope)

- in front of names of rivers, seas and oceans, mountains, group of islands: the Nile, the Mt. Everest, the Andes, the Bahamas

- when we talk about the whole category or a type :

Would you feed the cat tomorrow?

- when we talk about characteristic group of people: the French, the young

-with the names of newspapers: The Times

-with the part of the day: the morning

-before same, with superlatives, after all and half

-in some set phrases: to play the piano, to stand the chance



3. OMMISION OF ARTICLE

§ in front of plural and uncountable nouns when we refer to people or things in general: Do you drink _ milk? I find _ dogs cute!

§ in front of names of continents, towns and cities, lakes, single islands, countries: _ Africa, _ Lake Victoria, _ Turkey, … ( BUT ! the USA, the Netherlands)

§ in front of names of airports, stations, streets: _Oxford Street, _ Heathrow Airport





PRONOUNS

1. PERSONAL (subject): I, you, he, she, it, we, they (She is great.)

2. PERSONAL(object): me, you, him, her, it, us, them ( I love him)

3. INDEFINITE: someone, something, anywhere, nobody, nothing (Nothing is everything)

4. POSSESSIVE: mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs (This book is mine)

5. DEMONSTRATIVE: this, that, these, those (I like these more)

6. REFLEXIVE: myself, yourself, himself, herself,… ( I hate myself)

7. RELATIVE: who, which, that, whose, whom, where, when

8. RECIPROCAL: each other, one another

9. THE PRONOUNS ONE AND YOU ( One should always look after each other)



ADVERBS - word which modifies the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another adverb



1. ADVERBS OF MANNERS ( badly, slowly, well)

2. ADVERBS OF PLACE (here, everywhere, down)

3. ADVERBS OF DEFINITIVE TIME (today, now, yesterday)

4. ADVERBS OF INDEFINITIVE TIME ( sometimes, often, always)

5. ADVERBS OF DEGREE (very, too, enough, quite)



COMPARISON OF ADVERBS - the same as with adjectives

POSSITION IN ASENTENCE - it is placed near the word which it modifies (it follows the word which it modifies), except with adverbs of definitive time where it is placed at the end/beginning of the sentence



RELATIVE CLAUSES

DEFINING R. CLAUSES - used to identify the person or thing we are talking about ( I know a lot of people who've stopped eating meat)
§ in defining relative clauses we can use the following relative pronouns:

a. WHO to refer to people (I've a friend who has more than ten different pets)

b. WHICH to refer to things (I've found a photograph which was taken 10 years ago)

c. THAT to refer to animals, things and people instead which & who (The building that you can see was built in 1899)

d. WHOSE to talk about possessions (They have a dog whose barking drives me mad)

e. WHERE to refer to places (Do you know where we are going?)

f. WHEN to refer to time (I remember the moment when I first saw you)

2. NON DEFINING R. CLAUSES - used to give extra info about a person or thing:

§ My new computer, which has coasted 2000 dollars, is brilliant.

§ My sister, who has just turned 18, is a very bright person.



VERBS

CLASIFCATION - the verb is the most important part of the sentence

VERB PROPERTIES:

NUMBERS (singular, plural)
PERSONS
VOICES
§ THE ACTIVE (The postman delivers the mail twice a day.)

§ THE PASSIVE (The post is delivered twice a day.)

MOODS
§ THE INDICATIVE - represents something as a fact ( The sun rises every day)

§ THE SUBJUNCATIVE - represents something we hope ( I wish you were here)

§ THE IMPERATIVE - represents commands, orders (Go home!)

TENSES ( Present, Past, Futurity)
ASPECTS
§ CONTINUOUS ( The sun rises in the east)

§ INDEFINITE (The sun is rising in the east)



NON - FINITE VERBAL FORMS:

1. INFINITIVE

§ infinitive without to (He need not come)

§ infinitive + to ( I used to listen Beatles.)

2. PARTICIPLES

§ PRESENT PARTICIPLE (verb + ing) - is used to form continuous tenses, in some set phrases…

The candle is burning.

Generally speaking.

§ PAST PARTICIPLE

- is formed by adding -ed (asked)

- is used to form compound tenses ( I have asked)

3. GERUND - verb + ing

§ Writing is easy.

§ He is found of being a hero.

§ He admitted stealing the money.







REGULAR / IRREGULAR VERBS:

1. REGULAR - their forms are made by adding suffixes

(to ask ŕ he asksŕhe askedŕhe was askedŕhe is asking)

2. IRREGULAR - they have a special form which we have to learn by heart

( canŕcould ; mayŕmight ; singŕsangŕsung )

§ AUXILLARY VERBS - those which help to form tenses of another verb

(shall, will ; to have, to be, to do)



TRANSITIVE / INTRANSITIVE / REFLEXIVE VERBS

1. TRANSITIVE ( I see the tracks in the snow.)

2. INTRANSITIVE ( I am sitting)

3. REFLEXIVE ( They have always been able to defend themselves)



IMPERSONAL VERBS - those which stand only in third person singular ( it rains -- it is raining)

MODAL VERBS - they express present and future probability

1. WILL - is used to predict a future event which is a future fact ( Class will end in 10 pm)

2. MUST - is used when have a lot evidence that something will happen but it is less certain than will. CAN'T is used instead of negative form of must! (You must be joking! She can't have a 10 year old daughter!)

3. SHOULD - express what may reasonably be expected to happen

(Our guests should be here soon)

4. MAY - express the possibility that something will happen or is already happening

(We may go to Greece this year. We haven't decided yet.)

5. MIGHT - also express possibility but in more tentative way

( It might rain. Take your umbrella.)

6. COULD- express possibility but in more tentative way. MIGHT NOT is negative form of COULD! (It could rain, but I doubt it.) (He might not come.)

7. CAN - is used to express what is generally and in all-time true, and logically possible.

(Cycling in town can be dangerous.)























PRESENT TENSES



1. PRESENT SIMPLE ( verb + s) is used to talk about:

§ general truths: Ice melts when it is heated.

§ activities that are repeated regularly: I drink two cups of coffee every day.

§ permanent situations & states: We like our neighborhood.

§ future facts: The concert starts at 7p.m.



2. PRESENT CONTINUOUS is used to talk about:

§ activities in progress at the time of speaking:

(I'm having a shower.) (I'm doing my homework)



3. PRESENT PERFECT is used to talk about things that happened in the past when we look back on them from the present perspective past events with consequences in the present:

§ past events with consequences in the present:

The match has been canceled. (We can't watch it)

§ single or repeated event in the past: I have driven a lorry.

§ past situations that continue up till now: I have lived here all my life.



4. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS is used to talk about:

§ a repeated activity that started in the past and isn't necessarily finished:

Who have you been going out with recently?

§ an activity from the past which has consequences in the present:

She has been crying all day long.





























PAST TENSES



1. PAST SIMPLE - is used to talk about single / repeated events in the past when we know when they happened:

(We talked to Peter after the movie.) ( I went to the cinema a lot when I was in high school)



2. PAST CONTINUOUS is used to talk about:

§ activities that continued for some time in the past: We were dancing all night.

§ activities that form a background to past events: I was thinking what are you going to do when I kiss you.



3. PAST PERFECT is used to talk about an event or situation in the past which happened before another past event: We couldn't open the door because the caretaker had put a new lock on it.



4. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS is used to talk about longer activities in the past that happened before another past event: I realized he had been cheating since the beginning of the game.



FUTURITY



PRESENT SIMPLE - is used to talk about future facts and timetables:
(My train leaves in 20 minutes and arrives in Paris at 10 a.m.)



PRESENT CONTINUOUS is used to talk about:
§ future events that we have arranged: (I am leaving tonight.)



TO BE GING TO + infinitive is used to express intention:
(I am going to relax more this year.)



WILL + infinitive is used to express sudden decision made of the moment of speaking:
I will buy a new car.



FUTURE CONTINUOUS is used to talk about activities that will be in progres at a certain time in the future: (Next Saturday I will be shopping all day.)


FUTURE PERFECT is used to talk about actions that will be completed before a certain time in the future:
By the time you get this letter I will have begun the second part of my journey



CONDITIONAL CLAUSES ( If clause + main clause )



1. ZERO CONDITIONAL is used to describe rules and situations where one event always follows the other:

If students learn a lot, they usually pass exams.

( If + Present Simple) (Present Simple)



2.FIRST CONDITIONAL is used to talk about possible future events which depend on other future events or to give someone order or advice:

§ If you don't exercise you will never lose weight.

( If + Present Simple) ( will / won't + infinitive without to)

§ If you travel by plane, remember to drink a lot of water.

( If + Present Simple) ( imperative)



3. SECOND CONDITIONAL is used to talk about:

§ imagined events in the future which are impossible: If I got a good job I would spend the money on a new computer.

§ impossible present situations: If people had common sense, there wouldn't be any wars.

(If + Past) ( would / could / might + infinitive without to)



4.THIRD CONDITIONAL is used to talk about unreal situations in the past:

If I had known you were ill, I would have phoned you.

(If + Past Perfect) (would / Could / might + perfect infinitive)



5. MIXED CONDITIONALS are used to talk about:

§ imaginary past situations that could have led to consequences in present:

If I had more self-confidence, I would have applied for that job.

( If + Past Perfect) ( would + infinitive)

§ unreal present situations which could have had some consequences in the past: If Anna was here, she would have known what to do.

( If + Past Simple) ( would + perfect infinitive)















PASSIVE & ACTIVE VOICE



§ ACTIVE VOICE: The postman delivers the mail twice a day.

§ PASSIVE VOICE: The post is delivered twice a day. ( by postman)



REPORTING PASSIVE WITH SEEM & APPEAR is used when we give information without stating that we know it to be true:

It seems / appears that postman delivers the mail twice a day.

The postman seems / appears to be delivering the mail twice a day.





AVOIDING REPETITION

USING AUXILIARIES

§ IN SHORT ANSWERS: ''Should I revise for this test?'' Yes, I think you should.

§ COMMENTING ON GIVEN INFO: ''Mary is coming.'' I know she is.

§ RESPONDING WITH DIFFERENT AUXILIARY: ''I didn't see the film'' You should have, it was great!

§ USING MORE THAN ONE AUXIALIARY: ''He could have been lying.'' Yes, he could/ could have / could have been.



CAUSATIVE HAVE / GET

Is used to express that we ask someone else to do something for us:
We are having our flat redecorated. ( someone else is redecorating it)

I must get my room painted.

FORM: HAVE / GET (in any tense) + object + verb


VERB PATTERNS

1. WITH GERUND AFTER :

He admitted / regretted stealing the money.

After leaving school he joined the army.

2. WITH THE INFINITIVE + TO:

He asked / promised to do it.

They begged / ordered him to do it.

WITH INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO:

They made / let / helped me do it.

3. VERB + THAT + CLAUSE : He promised ( that) he would do it.

4. VERB + -ing OR to: It started to rain / raining.

5. WITH PERFECT AND PASSIVE FORMS: I don't remember having said that.



REPORTED SPEECH

§ Is used to report what someone has said:

John: ''I love you'' ŕJohn said (that) he loved her.

Susan: ''Mike help me''. ŕ Susan asked Mike to help her.

Mike: ''I am thirsty'' ŕ Mike said he was thirsty.

§ we must use the rule of SEQUENCE OF TENSES:



PRESENT SIMPLE ŕ PAST SIMPLE

PRESENT CONTINUOUS ŕ PAST CONTINUOUS

PRESENT PERFECT ŕ PAST PERFECT

PRESENT PERFECT CONT ŕ PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS

PAST SIMPLE ŕ PAST PERFECT

PAST CONTINUOUS ŕ PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS

WILL ŕ WOULD

BE GOING TO ŕ WAS / WERE GOING TO

FIRST CONDITIONAL ŕ SECOND CONDITIONAL



NOW ŕ THEN

AT THE MOMENT ŕ AT THAT MOMENT

YESTERDAY ŕ THE DAY BEFORE

TOMMOROW ŕ THE NEXT DAY

HERE ŕ THERE

AGO ŕ BEFORE





1. SASTAVNICE GLAZBENOG DJELA: ritam(adante, moderato, alegro), dinamika (piano, forte, mezzoforte), tonalitet, izvođaći (vokalni, instrumentalni), harmonija, melodija, glazbeni slog(polifon, homofon), glazbeni oblik, glazbeno razdoblje



2. SREDNJI VIJEK (5. -15. st)

§ CRKVENA GLAZBA-dio kršč obreda, razvoj notacije

§ GREGORIJANSKI KORAL ( 6.st. Schola Cantorum) - a cappella, na lat, ritam prati tekstŕ jednoglasje

§ ORGANUM (9. -12. st.scuola Notra damme) - višeglasni glazbeni oblik nastao dodavanjem glasova na gregorijanski koral ŕ višeglasje

§ ARS ANTIQUA (13. st) i ARS NUOVA (14.st) - usavršavanje notacije, instrumentalna glazba (za ples i zabavu), svjetovna glazba(trubaduri, žongleri)



3. RENESANSA (15. i polovica 16.st.)

§ višeglasje, povezanost tona i riječi, polifonija, a cappella, crkvena glazba, razvoj instrumenata(lutnja, orgulje)

§ svjetovni oblici: MADRIGAL, VILANELA, FROTOLA

crkveni oblici: MISA, MOTET



~MADRIGAL - zborska ghlazba koja se višeglasno pjeva na narodnom jeziku, svaki odlomak je obrađen kao nova cijelinaŕMarenzio i Monteverdi



~MISA - višestavačna poliofona skladba, dio katoličkog bogoslužja, stavci:Kiri, gloria,kredo,sanktus, benediktus, adnus dei ŕPalestrina



~MOTET - višestavačna zborska skladba s crkvenim tekstom na latinskom jeziku, trodijelan ŕLasso



4. BAROK(1600. -1750.)

§ izražavanje snage i raskoši, uznemirenost, prenatrpanost, basso continuo, motorika, polifonija i homofonija, razvoj instrumentalne glazbe(puhači i gudači), ritmička pokretljivost, dur i mol, razvoj opere

§ predstavnici: Bach, Handel, Vivaldi

§ glazbeni oblici: koncert, suita, sonata, fuga, oratorij, kantata

§

5. ORATORIJ i KANTATA

§ ORATORIJ je vokalno-instrumentalno djelo za soliste, zbor i orkestar, ''opera bez scene''; sastoji se od činova, slika, brojeva i scena. Opsežan je i svečanog karaktera.

predstavnici: Handel, Bach

§ KANTATA je kratka i lirskog karaktera, govori o ljubavi

predstavnici: Bach(Jesus bleibt meine Freunde), Orf(Carmina burana)



6. BEČKA KLASIKA(1770. - 1820.)

§ homofonija, melodija - glavno izražajno sredstvo,pjevna je i jednostavna; harmonija je jasna i jednostavna, ritam raznolik, dinamika je postepena, razvoj instrumenata i povećanje orkestra

§ predstavnici: Haydin, Mozart (Requiem, Figarov pir, Čarobna frula)



7. ROMANTIZAM(1820 - 1914)

§ emocionalnost, mašta, individualnost, subjektivnost, osjećaj boli i patnje, bijeg od stvarnosti, utjeha u svijetu mašte i misticizmu, pojava nacionalnog, individualnog i programnog stila

§ predstavnici: Beethoven, Chopin, Berlioz, Schubert, Čajkovski

§ gl. oblici: simfonija,sonata, opera, koncert, komorna glazba, solo pj, glasovirska minijatura



8. BEETHOVEN - austrijski skladatelj i dirigent; premošćuje 2 stila ( klasiku i romantizam), u djelima odražava individualnost i osjećaje, a piše u klasičnom instrumentalnom ciklusu, povećao simfonijski orkestar

§ djela: 9 simfonija, 32 sonate( Mjesečeva i Patetična), 16 gudačkih kvarteta, opera Fidellio

9. PROGRAMNA GLAZBA

§ instrumentalna glazba s programom

§ značajke: povećanje orkestra, broja puhaća, udaraljke dobivaju veću ulogu, duge pjevne melodije, promjenjiva mjera i dinamika

§ predstavnici: Čajkovski, Berlioz ( uveo idee fix)



10. SIMFONIJA - višestavačno glazb djelo za simfonijski orkestar, nastala u klasici, ima 4 stavka, pisana u sonatnom ciklusu. U romantizmu je glavna forma, ima od 2-5 stavaka, idee fix

§ skladatelji: Čajkovski, Schuman, Berlioz, Mozart, Beethoven



11. SONATNI CIKLUS

§ 4 stavka: sonatni oblik

oblik pjesme

menuet

sonatni oblik ( sastoji se od 3 djela: ekspozicija, provedba i repriza)



12. BAROKNI KONCERT

§ višestavačno djelo za solo i simfonijski orkestar, postoje SOLO KONCERT( izmjenjivanje solo instrumenta i tutti) i KONCERTO GROSSO (izmjenjivanje concertina i tutti)

§ predstavnik: Vivaldi, Bach



13. KLASIČNI KONCERT

§ ima 3 - 4 stavka, pisan za solo instrument i simf orkestar, raspored stavka kao u simf

§ predstavnici: Mozart, Haydn



14. ROMANTIČARSKI KONCERT

§ ima 3 - 4 stavka i pisan je za solo instrument i simfonijski orkestar, raspored stavka je kao u simfoniji; solo instrument je najčešće violina i klavir

§ Čajkovski (koncert za glasovir u b-molu), Mendelson (koncert za violinu u e-molu)



15. SUITA - nastala u baroku, niz stiliziranih plesnih stavaka poredanih po tempu, mjeri i karakteru (allwmande, courante, sarabande, menuet, žig)

§ predstavnici: Bach, Grieg, Musorgski



16. OPERA U BAROKU - vokalno-instrumentalno glazbeno scensko djelo za soliste, zbor, orkestar i balet. Sastoji se od činova,slika, prizora i brojeva (arija, recitativ, duet, uvertira, intermezzo,…). Postoji opera seria ( 5 činova) i opera buffa ( 3 čina, komična)

§ prva opera: Perry (Daphne); prva opera današnjeg karaktera: Monteverdi (Orfej)



17. OPERA U KLASICI - dolazi do operne reforme ŕ Gluck: pojednostavljuje libreto, naglašava jednostavnost, jednostavne arije, povezuje zbor i orkestar, recitativ u z pratnju orkestra, uvertira prepričava sadržaj

§ prva opera: Orfej i Euridika; Mozart ( Čarobna frula, Don Giovanni)



18. OPERA U ROMANTIZMU

§ vokalno-instrumentalno glazbeno scensko djelo za soliste, zbor, orkestar i balet. Sastoji se od činova,slika, prizora i brojeva (arija, recitativ, duet, uvertira, intermezzo,…). Postoji opera seria ( 5 činova) i opera buffa ( 3 čina, komična)

§ skladatelji: Rossini(Sevijski brijač), Belinni(Norma), Donizetti



19. HRVATSKA NACIONALNA OPERA

§ 1. opera V.Lisinskog: (Ljubav i zloba; Porin); I.pl Zajc: (Nikola Šubić Zrinski); Gotovac: (Ero s onoga svijeta)



20. OPERNI REALIZAM i VERIZAM

§ REALIZAM - tematika opere i likovi su obični ljudi iz svakidašnjeg života (Musorgski - Boris Godunov; Bizet-Carmen)

§ VERIZAM-likovima upravljaju strasti:ljubav, nevjera, mržnja, ljubomora (Masagni-Cavaleria rusticana)

21. BALET

§ glazbeno scensko djelo u kojem se radnja izvršava plesom i pantomimom. Sastoji se od činova i brojeva, nastao u 15.st.

§ predstavnici: Čajkovski(Labuđe jezero, Trnoružica,Orašar), Stravinski (Petruška, Posvećenje proljeća), Lotha(Đavo u selu)



22. IMPRESIONIZAM(1874. - 1920.)

§ značajke: programna glazba, male lirske forme(glasovirska minijatura, solo pjesma), modusi, pentatonika, kromatika, nizanje akorda

§ predstavnici: Debusy, Ravel



23. JAZZ- nastao u Americi u 20.st., glazba američkih crnaca, slobodna improvizirana glazba, ujedinjuje eu i afričku glazbu, sinkopirani ritam, izvođači su big bend (puhači, udaraljke, glasovir), glazbeni oblik je tema s varijacijama

§ predstavnici: Armstrong, Gershwin



24. ROCK - nastao u Americi, jednostavne pjesme u 4/4 mjeri, izvođači su bandovi, combo (2-8 svirača)

§ predstavnici: Presley, Beatles



25. MJUZIKL - vokalno-instrumentalno glazbeno scensko djelo za soliste, zbor, orkestar i balet. Sastoji se od činova,slika, prizora i brojeva; nastao u Americi, ima 2 čina, uz simf orkestar nadodane se električne gitare, bubnjevi i klavijature. Umjesto arije ima song.

§ predstavnici: Webber(Fantom u operi, Mačke, Kosa), Bernstein(West Side Story), Kabiljo (Jalta, Jalta)



26. DVADESETO STOLJEĆE

§ sloboda u stvaralaštvu, napredak u tehnologiji, snimanje glazbe, pojava zabavne glazbe

§ pravci: impresionizam, ekspresionizam, neoromantizam, punktualizam, neoklasicizam

§ eksperimenti s ljestvicama, strukturom akorda, harmonijom, ritam naglašen, ekstremna dinamika

§ proširen tonalitet, dodekafonija, politonalitet



27. EKSPRESIONIZAM

§ pobuna protiv društvenih pravila, otuđenost, strah, razočaranje

§ glazbenici upotrebljavaju atonalnost, disonance, ekstremnu dinamiku, nove zvukovne boje

§ predstavnici: Schonberg, Berg, Webern, Stravinski



28. NEOKLASICIZAM - klasična forma, jednostavnost izraza, kontrola emocija, suvremeni glazbeni jezik, naglašen ritam, slobodna harmonija

§ predstavnici: Papandopuno, Prokofijev, Šostaković



29. NACIONALNI STILOVI

§ RUSIJA - temelji se na folkloru, snimanje folklorne glazbe, ujedinjuje narodne glazbe s suvremenom; Stravinski, Rahmanjinov

§ RUMUNJSKA - B.Bartok - spojio elemente folklora i suvremeni glazbenijezik, upotreba starih načina, narodnih ljestvica i ritmova, prepoznatljivi zvuk vlastitih ideja

~B.Bartok: klavirske skladbe, gudački kvarteti, scenska glazba, opere (Rumunjski plesovi)



Popis slušnih primjera: Vivaldi: proljeće I ljeto;Beethoven:5.simfonija; Čajkovski: labuđe jezero I Orašar; Smetana:Vltava; Verdi:Rigoleto; Rosini:Figaro; MAsagni:Cavaleria rusticana; Bizet:Carmen; Webber:Fantom u operi I All I ask of you; Mozart:mala noćna muzika; 40 simfonija






Evo ljudi moji pa si vi učite... Nadam se da će vam pomoć!! roflkisswave

pozz beba







































- 12:56 - Komentari (0) - Isprintaj - #

utorak, 12.06.2007.

to bee, tu nebi

ZAKAJ JE OVAJ 4.FAF BLOG OŠAL U KURAC BEZ POVRATKA???
-možda se nafafal previše....neznam
ali nije kao u dobra stara vremena
....ahh, dobra stara vremena
NI BUDUĆNOST VIŠE NIJE
KAO ŠTO JE NEKAD BILA
_________________________fakofanija.blog.hr____

coolroflkissrolleyeswinkyesnoeeknononutnaughtymouthwashmadheadbanggreedydeadburninmadbangpartysmokinthumbupwavecerekblablazijevzalivenzujohrvatskaludmahnamcornjamipuknucusmijeh

- 22:17 - Komentari (2) - Isprintaj - #

one step is behind us

Nadam se da ste svi zadovoljni sa svojim obranama maturalnog rada i da se uspješno pripremate za daljnji dio mature. Evo, mene napokon krenulo tako da…
Treba ovo još malo izdržati i sve riješiti kako treba pa je cijelo ljeto ispred nas.
Uživajte i vidimo se!
Pusa

TAJANA

- 15:31 - Komentari (0) - Isprintaj - #

nedjelja, 10.06.2007.

nakon svega...

evo i mene nakon dugo,dugo vremena.moram priznat da dugo nisam bila na našoj stranici od bloga,a razlog je nedostatak vremena odnosno boravak u zagrebu u zadnje vrijeme i pripreme za fax/maturu...
zato sam danas odlučila zaviriti u arhivu i nastaviti s čitanjem postova tamo gdje sam stala.znam da ste u zadnje vrijeme svi jako emocionalni i sigurno vam ide na živce cmizdrenje etc, al vrijeme je da i ja (sa zakašnjenjem?) pokažem svoju emo-stranu :) dobro,ja se nisam baš plakala i to al mi je žao sad kad gledam slike i to....pogotovo slike s maturalne večere.meni je bilo super i uopće nisam tada razmišljala da je kraj svemu (iako to sad grozno zvuči,al nije doslovno falabogu...).tek mi je sada,kad čitam postove i gledam slike došlo sve do glave...ajd,čeka nas još ta matura (neke od nas) i ona svečana ceremonija u hv-u,vjerojatno i finalni događaj na kojem ćemo se svi okupiti zadnji put...vjerojatno su pripreme za maturu kod većine već od kad počele (meni su tek danas zapravo,naučila sam antiku!yeah!:)) i da vam ide...meni jako sporo,nikako da se koncentriram...slabo mi je samo kad se sjetim kolko tog ima..i još engleski,pa 3.predmet...i to sve za tjedan,dva!!
sretno i upsješno učenje svima.vidimo se u četvrtak u 8,ako se ne varam?pišemo zadaćnicu?
molila bih ako neko zna za konzultacije iz hrv,engl, i glazb za ovaj tjedan kada su da napiše?ja sam u zagrebu cijelo vrijeme pa ne stignem pratit sve.dal neko uopće ide na te konzultacije? :)
pozdrav svima i nadam se da i za slijedeći vikend stoji 15 do 9 ispred tornada :))

moumoune

p.s.e da,moje sve slike sa maturijade i maturalne večere su kod marka na cedeu pa njega tražite ko je već pitao za njih....
zato ja i nisam niš stavljala sada na blog....

- 13:33 - Komentari (2) - Isprintaj - #

četvrtak, 07.06.2007.

kristina na iron maiden

o da!

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

p.s. prvi put stavljam slike, valjda će to kak i izgledat! rolleyes

- 12:39 - Komentari (6) - Isprintaj - #

srijeda, 06.06.2007.

fuk yu, fuk mi

neko zbriso html bloga....evo, vratio....

ko je ovo?
Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

pozdrav svima
...:::marko:::...

- 18:00 - Komentari (6) - Isprintaj - #

utorak, 05.06.2007.

KONZULTACIJE

SRIJEDA
11:30 - 12:30 HRVATSKI
12:30 - 13:30 ENGLESKI

- 21:25 - Komentari (0) - Isprintaj - #

suze sina razmetnog (pijanog)

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

jo, baš mi jebena ova slika:D

- 18:51 - Komentari (3) - Isprintaj - #

nije 4.f uvijek najgori

zvala me jučer raska. kaže da je bilo problema u kristalu poslije maturalne večere.
došao je konobar da se požali u školi zbog hrpa razbijenih čaša kod stola 4.b i traži pare.
4.b najebo.
kaže raska da smo mi bili jako dobri i da se ponosi nama.
smijehsmijehsmijehsmijehsmijehsmijehsmijehsmijeh

ajd vidimo se uskoro, pusa, k.

- 16:15 - Komentari (0) - Isprintaj - #

ponedjeljak, 04.06.2007.

za Petru M.

evo, nije tebi tako grozno...

- 21:28 - Komentari (2) - Isprintaj - #

aaa...

Našla sam ove slike neki dan, a totalno zaboravila da ih imam… nadam se da se ovoga sjećate, ako ste zaboravili, evo par slikica da se podsjetite kako je to izgledalo kada smo završili prvi razred.
Ajme, što smo nostalgični…

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

T

- 11:54 - Komentari (5) - Isprintaj - #

nedjelja, 03.06.2007.

THANKS FOR THE MEMORIES

Generacijo moja!
Bilo je predivno...Okružena gotovo odraslim ljudima koje sam jedva prepoznala (svi ste super izgledali) kroz glavu su mi prošle 4 godine prepune svakakvih doživljaja (barem nam nikada nije bilo dosadno), sretnih, tužnih, frustrirajućih, srcedrapajućih...Tek mi je tada sinulo da se u 9. mjesecu više ne vraćamo u dobro nam poznate istrošene klupe i da nema više 4.f ... Već mi sada falite iako smo si svi obećali da se nećemo zaboravit i da ćemo svaki petak i subotu u 15 do 9 poharat tornado (iako je to tehnički mercator), ali ne znam...Nekako to nije isto.Nećemo više doživljavat Mojcina nekontrolirana smijanja, Smoljakove bisere, bezuspješno traženje Mljeta po karti, inovativne zadaćnice, Erdeljkine bajke, neću više imat kome davat instrukcije...Ove četiri godine bile su mi jedne od najljepših u životu, sa svim dobrim i lošim što se dogodilo.

A što se tiče maturalne večeri, bilo je prejebeno.Puno plesa, malo vina (kod nekog i malo više), puno barenja, puno fine hrane (dio je završio i na Matesu), puno dobrih prijatelja (što je i najvažnije).
Uglavnom, velika pusa svima kiss jer ste mi svi prirasli srcu i znam da je post malo patetičan, ali kao što naslov kaže...

Toliko od mene...
Pozdrav od Katarinšen

- 12:41 - Komentari (5) - Isprintaj - #

subota, 02.06.2007.

maturalna večera

A gle ih što su lijepi. Ovako je počelo…

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Ovako to izgleda unutra. Stol četvrtog ef..

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

A stari plesački par… „pleši sa mnom, takva sam i gotovo, pleši sa mnom, još se nitko nije otrovo..“

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Neke od kreacija

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

PEVIN!!!!

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us
Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Ovako je to izgledalo poslije oko pola 7…

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

Image Hosted by ImageShack.us

To je to ukratko, ne znam kako vama, meni bilo predobro. Isplesali se, zajebavali, ma super, samo me noge bole od onih Marijinih štikli… uf
Vidimo se ljudi moji dragi! Super ste!!!

TAJANA

- 16:48 - Komentari (4) - Isprintaj - #

Blog.hr koristi kolačiće za pružanje boljeg korisničkog iskustva. Postavke kolačića mogu se kontrolirati i konfigurirati u vašem web pregledniku. Više o kolačićima možete pročitati ovdje. Nastavkom pregleda web stranice Blog.hr slažete se s korištenjem kolačića. Za nastavak pregleda i korištenja web stranice Blog.hr kliknite na gumb "Slažem se".Slažem se