ARDO COF 2110 SAX

04.11.2011., petak

ETHIOPIAN MUSICAL INSTRUMENT. ETHIOPIAN MUSICAL


ETHIOPIAN MUSICAL INSTRUMENT. DOWNLOAD GUITAR SHEET MUSIC



Ethiopian Musical Instrument





ethiopian musical instrument






    musical instrument
  • any of various devices or contrivances that can be used to produce musical tones or sounds

  • A musical instrument is constructed or used for the purpose of making the sounds of music. In principle, anything that produces sound can serve as a musical instrument. The history of musical instruments dates back to the beginnings of human culture.

  • (Musical instruments (Legend of Zelda)) , occasionally called Legend of Zelda or Zelda, is a high fantasy action-adventure video game series created by Japanese game designers Shigeru Miyamoto and Takashi Tezuka.





    ethiopian
  • A native or national of Ethiopia, or a person of Ethiopian descent

  • a native or inhabitant of Ethiopia

  • A black person

  • of or relating to or characteristic of Ethiopia or its people or languages; "Ethiopian immigrants"

  • Ethiopia is a republic in northeastern Africa on the Red Sea; formerly called Abyssinia











Ethiopian Lithophones with Stand, Monastery of Na’akuto La’ab




Ethiopian Lithophones with Stand, Monastery of Na’akuto La’ab





Lithophones, or stone bells, were one of my discoveries on my visit to Lalibela, Ethiopia.

Until then, I had been vaguely aware that jade bars had been used as chimes or bells in ancient China, but I did not know that stone bells were used in Ethiopia.

Of the lithophones I saw in Ethiopia, this set at the Monastery of Na’akuto La’ab near Lalibela was the best engineered, supported as they were from a relatively horizontal piece of wood that was, in turn, held by forked tree limbs or tree trunks sunk into the ground.

My background in archaeology, where I found and examined many types of lithics, aka rocks, tells me the bells are made of flint, chert, or some other rock with similar properties.

How do I know this? It's the tell-tale blue of the rock's interior below its weathered skin, and the shape of fractures that have the rock's interior. That's just what flint and chert look and behave like.

With that, I've told you all I know about this musical instrument. What don't I know?

> What it sounds like.

> How far the sound carries.

> How sound is produced, though there's a round, black object resting on the top bell that could be the clapper.

> How old the bells are.

> What is the bells' history? Have they always been at this monastery, or have they been in other places?

> On what occasions the bells are used.

> How often the bells are used.

> There are two bells. Is any attempt made to produce a carillon effect (albeit a limited one) or a tune by ringing both bells in a predetermined order and rhythm?

> Do any other musical instruments ever accompany the bells?

> Are new lithophones still being made in Ethiopia? If so, by whom?

> Can anyone strike the bells, or is that task assigned on the basis of status or seniority?

> How important is the spacing between the bells, between the bells and the ground, and between the bells and the wall?

> How often are the cords that support the bells examined for soundness, and how often are they replaced? Ditto for the wooden supports.

Well, I'll be sure to get answers to all these questions the very next time I'm at the Monastery of Na’akuto La’ab.

In the meantime, if any viewers happen to know any of the answers, or facts I didn't think to list, feel free to let us know. It could be a while before I'm back in Lalibela.















LOUVRE - Paris The treasures of Ancient Egypt




LOUVRE - Paris The treasures of Ancient Egypt





A sistrum (plural: sistrums, sistra]) is a musical instrument of the percussion family, chiefly associated with ancient Iraq and Egypt. It consists of a handle and a U-shaped metal frame, made of brass or bronze and between 76 and 30 cm in width. When shaken the small rings or loops of thin metal on its movable crossbars produce a sound that can be a from a soft CLANK to a loud jangling. The name derives from the Greek verb ????, seio, to shake, and ????????, seistron, is that which is being shaken. Its name in the ancient Egyptian language was sekhem (s?m) and sesheshet (ssst).

The sistrum was a sacred instrument in ancient Egypt. Perhaps originating in the worship of Bast, it was used in dances and religious ceremonies, particularly in the worship of the goddess Hathor, with the U-shape of the sistrum's handle and frame seen as resembling the face and horns of the cow goddess. It was also shaken to avert the flooding of the Nile and to frighten away Set. Isis in her role as mother and creator was depicted holding a pail symbolizing the flooding of the Nile, in one hand and a sistrum in the other. The goddess Bast too is often depicted holding a sistrum, symbolizing her role as a goddess of dance, joy, and festivity.

Sistra are still used in the rites of the Coptic and Ethiopian churches. Besides the depiction in Egyptian art with dancing and expressions of joy, the sistrum was also mentioned in Egyptian literature.

WIKIPEDIA









ethiopian musical instrument







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