Picture Of Captain James Cook. Captain Cook Cruises New Years Eve. Cookery Book.
Picture Of Captain James Cook
*Endeavour*: On April 3, 1768, the Earl of Pembroke, an ungainly-looking
North Sea coal carrier, was put into dry dock. Stout and heavy-timbered,
with a bluff bow and a narrow stern, she was intended for a singularly
adventurous role - would carry a hand-picked group of naval officers and
scientists to the farthest reaches of the Pacific to conduct vital
astronomical studies and to make yet another search for the continent
identified on the maps as Terra Australis Incognita. She was selected
because she could hold the large quantities of supplies and scientific
equipment the voyagers would require, and also because she was
flat-bottomed and was able to take the punishment of an accidental
grounding. She was renamed the Endeavour, and within four weeks her hull
had been sheathed with a second layer of planking to protect against
tropical sea worms. Her masts and yards were scrapped for fresh-cut
spars, and all her rigging was replaced with new hempen lines. The
selection of Lieutenant James Cook as leader of the expedition to the
Pacific was even more surprising than the Admiralty's choice of the
Endeavour. At the age of 39, Cook was virtually unknown to his
countrymen, came from the lower ranks of society, was haphazardly
educated and had not even spent his whole career in the Royal Navy: His
training had been in the merchant marine.
Cook would become the greatest explorer of his time - and the greatest
Pacific explorer of all time. As captain of the Endeavour, he would
sight and survey hundreds of landfalls that no Westerner had ever laid
eyes on. And though the Endeavour would never fire her guns at another
ship in battle, Cook's epochal voyage aboard the converted collier was
destined to bring under George III's sovereignty more land and wealth
than any single naval victory of the powerful British fleet. But the
most important prize of this and the two subsequent voyages that Cook
would make was measured not in territory but in knowledge. Patient and
methodical where his predecessors had been hasty and disorganized, he
would sweep away myths and illusions on a prodigious scale, and in the
end would give to the world a long-sought treasure: a comprehensive map
of the Pacific. Cook didn't find the fabled "Great Southland", but he
discovered - in Australia - a country equally deserving of such a title!
It is worth mentioning here that a piece of his original ship "The
Endeavour", a converted coal-carrier, was taken into orbit aboard the
Space-Shuttle of the same name.
*Sydney Harbour Bridge*: opened in 1932 and until 1967 was the city's
tallest structure. It is the world's widest long-span bridge and the
tallest steel arch bridge, measuring 429.6 ft from top to water level.
It is also the fourth-longest spanning-arch bridge in the world. The
bridge deck portion of the highway is 0.73 miles long, is concrete and
lies on trimmers (beams that run along the length of the bridge). The
trimmers themselves rest on steel beams that run along the width of the
bridge. The arch is composed of two 28-panel arch trusses. Their heights
vary from 55.8 ft at the centre of the arch to 176.7 ft (beside the
pylons). The arch span is 503 m and the weight of the steel arch is
39,000 tons. The arch's summit is 440 ft above mean sea level, though it
can increase by as much as 7 in on hot days as the result of steel
expanding in heat. Two large metal hinges at the base of the bridge
accommodate these expansions and contractions and thereby prevent the
arch from being damaged. About 79% of the steel came from Middlesbrough,
in the North East of England. The rest was Australian-made. The total
weight of the bridge is 52,800 tonnes, and six million hand-driven
rivets hold the bridge together. The rivets were made at the Park Bridge
Ironworks in Lancashire England. At each end of the bridge stands a pair
of 276 ft high concrete and granite pylons. Abutments, which support the
ends of the bridge, are contained at the base of the pylons. They
prevent the bridge from stretching or compressing due to temperature
variations. Otherwise, the pylons serve no structural purpose and are
primarily to visually balance the bridge itself. They were never an
essential part of the design but were added to allay concerns about
*Jacaranda*: is a genus of 49 species of flowering plants in the family
Bignoniaceae, native to tropical and subtropical regions of South and
Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. The species are shrubs to
large trees ranging in size from 2 to 30 m tall. The leaves are
bipinnate in most species, pinnate or simple in a few species. The
flowers are produced in conspicuous large panicles, each flower with a
five-lobed blue to purple-blue corolla; a few species have white
flowers. The fruit is an oblong to oval flattened capsule containing
numerous slender seeds.
186# Mount Tibrogargan, Glasshouse Mountains, Sunshine Coast QLD Australia - From Wild Horse Mountain
The Glasshouse Mountains
Captain James Cook gave the area its unusual English name while sailing past, on his way up Australia's east coast, in 1770. From a distance they reminded him of the glass-making furnaces of his home town in Yorkshire.
The Glasshouse Mountains are of great historical, cultural and geological significance. Standing just north of Caboolture and in the Sunshine Coast Hinterland of Quensland, these rock formations are like sentinels. Geologically they are massive hunks of trachyte left behind after the overlying softer rock was worn away by the forces of nature. Their names - Beerwah, Tibrogargan, Coonowrin, Tunbubudla, Beerburrum, Ngungun, Tibberoowuccum and Coochin - reflect the Aboriginal culture surrounding the mountains.
The Aboriginal Legend
The legend of the Glasshouse Mountains in Aboriginal told stories runs:
Tibrogargan was the father of all the tribes and Beerwah was his wife, and they had many children.
Coonowrin, the eldest; the twins, Tunbubudla; Miketeebumulgrai; Elimbah whose shoulders were bent because she carried many cares; the little one called Round because she was so fat and small; and the one called Wild Horse since he always strayed away from the others to paddle out to sea. (Ngungun, Beerburrum and Coochin do not seem to be mentioned in the legend).
One day when Tibrogargan was gazing out to sea, he perceived a great rising of the waters. He knew then that there was to be a very great flood and he became worried for Beerwah, who had borne him many children and was again pregnant and would not be able to reach the safety of the mountains in the west without assistance. So he called to his eldest son, Coonowrin, and told him of the flood which was coming and said, "Take your mother, Beerwah, to the safety of the mountains while I gather your brothers and sisters who are at play and I will bring them along."
When Tibrogargan looked back to see how Coonowrin was tending to his mother he was dismayed to see him running off alone. Now this was a spiritless thing for Coonowrin to do, and as he had shown himself to be a coward he was to be despised.
Tibrogargan became very angry and he picked up his nulla nulla and chased Coonowrin and cracked him over the head with a mighty blow with such force that it dislocated Coonowrin's neck, and he has never been able to straighten it since.
Eventually the floods subsided and, when the plains dried out the family was able to return to the place where they lived before. Then, when the other children saw Coonowrin they teased him and called "How did you get your wry neck - How did you get your wry neck?" and this made Coonowrin feel ashamed.
So Coonowrin went to Tibrogargan and asked for forgiveness, but the law of the tribe would not permit this. And he wept, for his son had disgraced him. Now the shame of this was very great and Tibrogargan's tears were many and, as they trickled down they formed a stream which wended its way to the sea.
Then Coonowrin went then to his mother, Beerwah, but she also cried, and her tears became a stream and flowed away to the sea. Then, one by one, he went to his brothers and sisters, but they all cried at their brother's shame. Tibrogargan called to Coonowrin and asked why he had deserted his mother and Coonowrin replied, "She is the biggest of us all and should be able to take care of herself." But Coonowrin did not know that his mother was again with child, which was the reason for her grossness. Then Tibrogargan put his son behind him and vowed he would never look at him again.
Even to this day Tibrogargan gazes far, far out to sea and never looks at Coonowrin. Coonowrin hangs his head in shame and cries, and his tears run off to the sea, and his mother, Beerwah, is still pregnant, for, you see, it takes many years to give birth to a mountain."
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