WHEEL ALIGNMENT DIAGRAM : ALIGNMENT DIAGRAM
WHEEL ALIGNMENT DIAGRAM : STEERING WHEEL SHAKES AT 65 MPH.
Wheel Alignment Diagram
Mental Models: Aligning Design Strategy with Human Behavior
There is no single methodology for creating the perfect product—but you can increase your odds. One of the best ways is to understand users' reasons for doing things. Mental Models gives you the tools to help you grasp, and design for, those reasons. Adaptive Path co-founder Indi Young has written a roll-up-your-sleeves book for designers, managers, and anyone else interested in making design strategic, and successful.
"Indi Young's mental models are the perfect way for your team to integrate your user's perspective into your design. Indi has written a comprehensive guide for anyone who wants to make use of this power design technique. I'll be giving this book out to all of our important clients and insisting they make it part of their process."
Jared Spool, CEO & Founding Principal, User Interface Engineering
"Developed over the course of more than ten years, Indi Young's common sense approach focuses on user behavior, diagrammatic representations, and the participation of all stakeholders in collaborative discovery. It is a book that designers and students, alike, will find useful."
Richard Buchanan, Professor of Design, School of Design, Carnegie Mellon University
"Indi Young's new book is a welcome addition, covering an aspect of the design process that is extremely important but often neglected. The book is chock-full of practical advice derived from real-world development projects, but doesn't lose sight of the broad conceptual underpinnings."
Ray Valdes, Research Director, Web Services, Gartner Inc.
"Indi Young gives great insight into the nuts and bolts of understanding, capturing and visualizing user needs. Her "how to" instructions provide clear guidance for teams wishing to undertake a serious effort to architect, design and develop products with the user in mind."
Sara L. Beckman, Haas School of Business, University of California Berkeley
moon phases diagram
Understanding The Moon Phases
Have you ever wondered what causes the moon phases?
The illustration may look a little complex at first, but it's easy to explain.
Sunlight is shown coming in from the right. The earth, of course, is at the center of the diagram. The moon is shown at 8 key stages during its rotation around the earth. The dotted line from the earth to the moon represents your line of sight when looking at the moon. To help you visualize how the moon would appear at that point in the cycle, you can look at the larger moon image. The moon phase name is shown alongside the image.
One important thing to notice is that exactly one half of the moon is always illuminated by the sun. However, at certain times we see both the sunlit portion and the shadowed portion -- and that creates the various moon phase shapes we are all familiar with. Also note that the shadowed part of the moon is invisible to the naked eye; in the diagram above, it is only shown for clarification purposes.
So the basic explanation is that the lunar phases are created by changing angles (relative positions) of the earth, the moon and the sun, as the moon orbits the earth.
Moon Phases Simplified
It's probably easiest to understand the moon cycle in this order: new moon and full moon, first quarter and third quarter, and the phases in between.
As shown in the above diagram, the new moon occurs when the moon is positioned between the earth and sun. The three objects are in approximate alignment (why "approximate" is explained below). The entire illuminated portion of the moon is on the back side of the moon, the half that we cannot see.
At a full moon, the earth, moon, and sun are in approximate alignment, just as the new moon, but the moon is on the opposite side of the earth, so the entire sunlit part of the moon is facing us. The shadowed portion is entirely hidden from view.
The first quarter and third quarter moons (both often called a "half moon"), happen when the moon is at a 90 degree angle with respect to the earth and sun. So we are seeing exactly half of the moon illuminated and half in shadow.
Once you understand those four key moon phases, the phases between should be fairly easy to visualize, as the illuminated portion gradually transitions between them.
An easy way to remember and understand those "between" lunar phase names is by breaking out and defining 4 words: crescent, gibbous, waxing, and waning. The word crescent refers to the phases where the moon is less that half illuminated. The word gibbous refers to phases where the moon is more than half illuminated. Waxing essentially means "growing" or expanding in illumination, and waning means "shrinking" or decreasing in illumination.
Thus you can simply combine the two words to create the phase name, as follows:
After the new moon, the sunlit portion is increasing, but less than half, so it is waxing crescent. After the first quarter, the sunlit portion is still increasing, but now it is more than half, so it is waxing gibbous. After the full moon (maximum illumination), the light continually decreases. So the waning gibbous phase occurs next. Following the third quarter is the waning crescent, which wanes until the light is completely gone -- a new moon.
The Moon's Orbit
You may have personally observed that the moon goes through a complete moon phases cycle in about one month. That's true, but it's not exactly one month. The synodic period or lunation is exactly 29.5305882 days. It's the time required for the moon to move to the same position as seen by an observer on earth. If you were to view the moon cycling the earth from outside our solar system (the viewpoint of the stars), the time required is 27.3217 days, roughly two days less. This figure is called the sidereal period or orbital period. Why is the synodic period different from the sidereal period? The short answer is because we see the sunlit moon from a slowly moving position: the earth! During the moon cycle, the earth has moved approximately one month along its year-long orbit around the sun, altering our angle of viewpoint, and thus, the phase. The earth's orbital direction is such that it lengthens the period for earthbound observers.
Although the synodic and sidereal periods are exact numbers, the moon phase can't be precisely calculated by simple division of days because the moon's motion (orbital speed and position) is affected and perturbed by various forces of different strengths. Hence, complex equations are used to determine the exact position and phase of the moon at any given point in time.
Also, looking at the diagram, you may have wondered why, at a new moon, the moon doesn't block the sun, and at a full moon, why the earth doesn't block sunlight from reaching the moon. The reason is because the moon's orbit about the earth is about 5 degrees off from the earth-sun or
New horizons - Pluto and the Kuiper Belt
New Horizons extreme distance from Pluto and the Kuiper Belt, fastest launch speed ever recorded It will arrive at Pluto on July , 2015 Pluto unexplored planet in the Solar System. On April, 2006 the spacecraft passed the orbit of Mars,faster trajectory to Pluto,After passing Pluto,continue further into the 2016-2020 Kuiper Belt. March 2011 Uranus' orbit. August 2014 Neptune's orbit. Leave the solar system in 2029.
Pluto’s atmosphere carbon monoxide in Pluto’s, atmosphere has finally met, with success huge atmosphere of carbon monoxide.planet known orbiting its host star and having its own moons to have an atmosphere and until now icy orb's atmosphere has expanded dramatically since 2000,astronomers Pluto-hers? a full-scale planet that from some astronomers as has been classified a "minor" Pluto’s atmosphere would have important effects on the planet's the atmosphere confirmed, the presence of carbon monoxide in the atmosphere of Pluto,after a worldwide search that lasted nearly two decades. Pluto fits the planet definition of being round and orbiting its own star and having its own moons around it,this part it is very important which makes Pluto a planet. Pluto is composed primarily of rock and ice, orbital period is 248 Earth years due long distant from the Sun, so orbit appearing to cross that of Neptune which its orbit crosses the ecliptic, are currently separated from Neptune's by over 21°. natural of the alignment between Pluto and Neptune's orbits does not change. From 1979 to 1999, Pluto was the eighth planet from the sun highly elliptical orbit again become the Solar System's most distant planet. From January 1979 through to 11 February 1999 Pluto was closer to the Sun than Neptune.
Big argument about Pluto continues the most up-to-date book on the solar system,Worlds that discusses of the controversy over the planet of Pluto and Eris. Pluto is a planet? YES Pluto is the ninth and smallest planet of our solar systemobject Change orientation or direction,the Planet knowledge around the Sun also in the abstract sense of scientific knowledge around our Solar System,it had the same orbit around the Sun as Mars,important Planet orbiting the Sun. Diameter of Mercury: 3,032 miles. —————————————————————— Diameter of Ganymede (Jupiter’s biggest moon): 3,272 miles ——————————————————————Diameter of Moon: 2,159 miles ( Earth’s) -----------------------------------------------------------------------—- Eris was discovered in 2005 by planet-hunting —Diameter of Eris: 1,500 miles, and first new planet found orbiting the Sun in 75 years. Eris can be no more than 1,454 miles (2,340 kilometers) —————The new observation 2010———— Diameter of Pluto: 1,430 miles. Pluto is believed to be 1,456 miles across. So is Pluto 2 miles wider. —————————————————————— Diameter of Ceres: 590 miles. —————————————————————— Mercury’s orbital eccentricity: 0.21.——— Pluto’s orbital eccentricity: 0.25 —————————————————————— Pluto’s controversial Pluto is two and a half times the diameter of Ceres,also Pluto is not an ice ball,but large member of the Kuiper belt, Mercury and Venus have no moons,Pluto have litle moons, known as, Charon, Nix and Hydra., as small planet and the farthest known planet from the sun; it has the most elliptical orbit of all the planets, Pluto was discovered in 1930.Pluto orbits beyond the orbit of Neptune
—————————————————————— In Roman mythology, Pluto (Greek: Hades) is the god of the underworld.
—————————————————————— The New Horizons spacecraft, scheduled to arrive at Pluto in 2015 —————————————————————— Our solar system consists of the sun, planets, moons, many dwarf planets, Astronomical Union officially designated Eris and Pluto “dwarf planets.
Fact that they never hadn’t cleared their orbital zones of other rocky objects that Pluto was frequently described as “the largest Kuiper belt object”.
The Kuiper Belt and the Oort Cloud
A planetary system consists of the various non-stellar objects version of our solar system there could be as many as planetary system discovered a planetary system containing at least some planets in the mass range prompted a fine tuning of the definition of a planet orbiting other stars beyond our solar system extrasolar planet, extragalactic planet is a planet that is outside the Milky Way Galaxy. Solar System beyond the planets extending from the orbit of Neptune show where Kuiper Belt Objects are sested that comet-like debris also known as the Edgeworth-Kuiper Belt an area of the solar system one of the larger Kuiper belt objects Quaoar direct relationship to the mass smaller than Ceres,Kuiper belt observed and mapped, only four currently known trans-Neptunian objects like Sedna diagram compares Pluto's orbit with a Kuiper Belt .
Oort cloud's surrounding the planetary system and extending is a massive spherical cloud contains as many as six trillion comets Halley-type comets ,asteroid
wheel alignment diagram
Visio STD 2010 32-BIT/X64 US DVD SD 6/15
Visio Standard 2010 offers modern and intuitive diagramming tools to transform complex ideas into aha moments and get everyone on the same page with less time and effort. A diverse set of pre-drawn shapes, pictures and templates and new automatic drawing tools make visualization easier than ever.
Diagram faster and better in Visio 2010 with a more intuitive user experience.
Jump-start diagramming in Visio 2010 Backstage View with a variety of templates and sample diagrams. Click to enlarge.
Dynamic, data-driven diagram in Visio 2010 created using Automatic Data Linking and Data Graphics. Click to enlarge.
Dynamic, data-linked diagram shared in the browser using Visio Services and Sharepoint Server 2010 integration. Click to enlarge.
Simplify Complexity With a Diverse Set of Intuitive, Professional Diagramming Tools
Meet your diagramming needs for IT, business, process management, and more with modern pre-drawn shapes and intelligent templates.
Find and Access the Tools You Need Quickly
Every step in creating a diagram is more intuitive, with logical groupings of features in Ribbon tabs, an enhanced Shapes window for easy access to shapes, and a new status bar that helps you move more efficiently within and between your diagrams.
Draw Diagrams Faster
Whether you're creating a diagram from scratch or modifying an existing one, Visio 2010 helps you add and align shapes easily and accurately with features such as the Quick Shapes Mini Toolbar, Page Auto Size, and Auto Align & Space.
Simplify Large and Complex Diagrams
Add clarity to diagrams using Subprocesses and Containers to group related shapes visually and logically.
Make Your Diagrams Professional-Looking and Appealing in Seconds
Take advantage of a range of formatting tools and design options, including modern shapes and visuals, a rich gallery of themes, and Live Preview.
Model and Monitor Sharepoint Workflows
Create and monitor SharePoint workflows more easily with a new, advanced template that contains SharePoint workflow rules, and supports exporting and importing workflows between Microsoft SharePoint Designer 2010 and Visio 2010.
Ensure Consistency and Accuracy With Diagram Validation
Check for common errors and support diagramming standards across your organization using diagram validation. With one click, you can validate a diagram against a set of rules to make sure it's logical and properly constructed.
Bring Your Diagrams to Life With Dynamic, Data-Driven Visuals
Gaining a clear and complete view of information that matters to your business requires both a high-level perspective and detailed data. With just a few clicks, Visio 2010 helps you see the entire picture by showing meaningful information and data graphically in a single, always up-to-date diagram.
Easily connect your diagrams to one or more data sources including Microsoft Excel, SQL Server, and SharePoint Services, using the Data Selector and Automatic Link wizards.
Display real-time data right within diagram shapes, based on conditions you define, using expressive graphics such as color, icons, symbols, and data bars. Then, add a legend to explain the meaning of your data-linked graphics.
Keep the linked data in your diagrams up-to-date effortlessly using Automatic Refresh, which can refresh data automatically at specific time intervals you set.
Share Dynamic, Data-Linked Diagrams With Others Through Their Browser
Share Diagrams With Others on the Web
Sharing your interactive, refreshable, data-linked diagrams with others is easier than ever. With just a few clicks, publish your diagram to SharePoint Server. Users can see your real-time information in their browsers at a high level, right on the diagram, or delve into the details--even if they don't own Visio.
They can pan and zoom in the online diagram, follow hyperlinks in shapes, and refresh the data. Diagrams can be rendered in Microsoft Silverlight (high-fidelity) or in PNG format for those who don't have Silverlight.
Create Visual Mashups Using Visio Services
Create visually compelling, interactive dashboards for your audience by combining Visio diagrams, real-time data, and different applications in SharePoint Server. Visio Services and SharePoint Server 2010 integration support visual mashups of actionable data and diagrams for an information-rich visual experience.
Which Version of Microsoft Visio 2010 is Right for You?
Visio StandardVisio ProfessionalVisio Premium
Easier diagram creation with modern templates, and automatic alignment and spacing.XXX
Intuitive navigation with an updated user interface and Shapes window.XXX
Dynamic, data-driven shapes with links to real-time data and automatic refresh. XX
Dynamic web sharing with others via their browsers--even if they don't have Visio. XX
New process management tools for modeling business processes, including BPMN and SharePoint workflow. X
Intelligent validation for finding diagramming errors validated against business logic. X
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